Erosaria ocellata   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Gastropoda

Size: Length 20.70 - 27.95, height 11.50 - 14.50 mm, maximum breadth 14.50 - 17.70 mm.

Color: Yellowish-brown or reddish-yellow covered with a number or rounded white spots.

The shell is easily recognised by its ocellted orientation. Shell broadly ovate, margin thickened with callus, reflected up and pitted anteriorly on the side of outer lip; teeth strong, white and those on the outer lip sometimes tinged with brown; shell sometimes with a logitudinal line of erosion right to the mid-dorsal line.

Synonym (s)
Cypraea ocellata Linnaeus, 1758
Cypraea ocellata var. brunnea Gray, 1825
Cypraea ocellata var. calophthalma Melvill, 1888
Cypraea ocellata var. palatha Melvill, 1888
Cypraea ocellata var. pelidna Melvill & Standen, 1904
Cypraea ocellata var. pretiosa Melvill, 1905
Erosaria ocellata Linnaeus, 1758
Erosaria (Erosaria) ocellata Schilder and Schilder, 1938
Erosaria ocellata Allan, 1956

Common Name (s)
• Ocellate Cowrie
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Sandy


• Tamil Nadu, Hare Island INDIA (Record: 22/02/1968)
• Tamil Nadu, Tiruchendur INDIA (Record: 25/01/1978)
• Gujarat, Dwarka INDIA
• Gujarat, Pirotan Island INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Maharashtra, Ratnagiri INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Hare Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Shingle Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Bimlipatam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kundugal Point INDIA
• Gujarat, Kathiawar INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2002) Lakshadweep Islands biodiversity strategy and action plan (Version: 3)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Apte,D (1998) The book of Indian shells Oxford University Press 115
  • OBIS Indo-Pacific molluscan database: Taxa reported from regions in India (W) Available at -
  • OBIS Indo-Pacific molluscan database Available at -
  • Mookherjee, HP (1985) Contributions to the Molluscan fauna of India, Part III. Marine molluscs of the Coromandel coast, Palk Bay and Gulf of Mannar - Gastropoda: Mesogastropoda (Part-2) Records of the Zoological Survey of India. Occasional paper no. 75 ZSI, Calcutta 93 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -

Page last updated on:2010-06-28

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