Holothuria (Microthele) nobilis   (Selenka,  1867) (Sea Cucumber)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Echinodermata
Class: Holothuroidea
Order:Aspidochirotida
Family:Holothuriidae

Image copyrights: D.B. James, CMFRI, Kochi, India

Description
Size: Length: 250 mm-400 mm; weight: 2-3 kg; Width: 100-150 mm; body wall 10-12 mm in thickness.

Color: Cream-colored with black blotches; This species occurs in two colour forms, the white and black; Dark brown or black on the top and white beneath or yellowish white mottled with black or brown on white background.

Body is massive and tubular in shape. Pedicels and papillae are indistinguishable. Dorsal papillae are more thinly scattered than the ventral pedicels. Anus is surrounded by five calcified papillae. Calcareous ring is massive with distinctly scalloped anterior margin . The radials and inter-radials are squarish. Radials are twice the length of the inter-radials. Tentacular ampullae are very large. Spicules consist of tables and buttons. The tables arc robust with smooth discs and the spires tenninate in 15-20 small spines. Spicules include hollow fenestrated ellipsoids and numerous knobbed buttons. The disc or the tables is rounded or square- shaped.Six to eight teat-like projections are seen on each side of the body in live specimens. The body is covered with a fine coat of coral sand. Ventral mouth.


Synonym (s)
Mulleria nobilis Selenka, 1867
Holothuria (Microthele) nobilis Clark and Rove, 1971
Holothuria fuscogilva Cherbonnier, 1980
Muelleria nobilis Selenka, 1867
Microthele nobilis Selenka, 1867

Common Name (s)
• Black Teatfish (English)
• Test Fish (English)
• Mammy Fish (English)
• Teatfish
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Used for beche-de-mer preparation.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Reef Associated, Sandy

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • James, DB (1994) Systematics, biology, ecology and zoogeography of holothurians: Zoogeography and systematics of holothurians used for Beche-de-mer in India Proceedings of the national workshop on Beche de mer Rengarajan K James D.B.-rho-eds. Cochin-India CMFRI 46 34-36
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Mukhopadhyay, SK (1991) Echinodermata: Holothurioidea State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 399-413 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • James, DB (2001) Twenty sea cucumbers from seas around India Naga, The ICLARM Quarterly 24(1 & 2) 4-8 Available at - http://www.worldfishcenter.org/Naga/Naga24-1&2/pdf/features.pdf
  • Kumara, PBTP; Cumaranathunga, PRT and Linden, O (2005) Present status of the sea cucumber fishery in southern Sri Lanka: A resource depleted industry SPC Beche-de-mer Information Bulletin 22 24-29 Available at - http://www.spc.int/Coastfish/news/BDM/22/Terney.pdf
  • James, DB (1995) Taxonomic studies of the species of holothuria (Linnaeus, 1767) from the seas around India. Part II Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society Bombay Natural History Society 92(1) 190-204 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7436/1/450-J._BOMBAY_NAT.HISTORY_SOC_1995.pdf
  • Sastry, DRK (2007) Echinodermata of India : An annotated list Records of Zoological Survey of India Occassional paper No. 271 ZSI, Kolkata 1-387 Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/checklist/Echinodermata_India_Checklist.pdf
  • James, DB (1989) Echinoderms of Lakshadweep and their zoogeography Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 97-144 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • James, DB (1989) Beche-de-mer resources of Lakshadweep Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 144-149 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-12-23

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