Parapenaeopsis coromandelica   Alcock,  1906 (Prawn)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Penaeidae

Image copyrights: FAO

Description
Max. size: 120 mm TL.

Color: Usually grey, sometimes grey-reddish or brownish; rostrum and abdominal crest darker; pereopods and pleopods pale brown to red or greyish; uropods usually grey or brownish, sometimes brown-red.

Rostrum sigmoidal, toothless on at least distal half (usually more), armed at base with 6 to 8 dorsal teeth, strongly upcurved and much overreaching tip of antennular peduncle, in some males somewhat shorter; epigastric tooth present; pcstrostral crest almost reaching posterior margin of carapace; longitudinal suture reaching 2/3 of carapace length; telson armed with 1 or 2 pairs of subapical, fixed spines (the second pair, when present, much smaller than distal pair); antennular flagella slightly longer than carapace; epipod and basial spine present on first and second pereopods; basis of third pereopod unarmed. In males, distolateral projections of petasma slender, horn-like and straight, directed antero- laterally, with ventro-external openings; distomedian projections small and curved ventrally. In females, anterior plate of thelycum square and concave, with a slender stem-like posterior process; posterior plate deeply notched anteromedially.


Synonym (s)
Parapenaeopsis stylifera coromandelica Alcock, 1906

Common Name (s)
• Coromandel Shrimp (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh, frozen, canned and as prawn meal.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Muddy, Coastal

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• East Coast INDIA
• West Bengal, Medinipur INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Pathan, DI and Jalihal, DR (1997) Proposed taxonomic revision of some important penaeid prawn genera (Crustacea: Decapoda) of Konkan coast (west coast of India) Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 94(3) 496-514
  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Goswami, BCB (1992) Marine fauna of Digha coast of West Bengal, India Journal of Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 34 115-137 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Holthuis, LB (1980) FAO species catalogue. Vol. 1 Shrimps and prawns of the world. An annotated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries FAO Fisheries Synopsis - S125Vol.01 FAO, Rome 1 1-271 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ac477e/ac477e00.htm
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 5 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM
  • Roy, MK (2010) Diversity and Distribution of Crustacea Fauna in wetlands of West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 147-187 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-11-01

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