Cypraea arabica   Linnaeus,  1758 (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order:Littorinimorpha
Family:Cypraeidae

Image copyrights: Colla/www.oceanlight.com

Description
Size: 20-50 mm.

Color: Cream with brown bands; the dorsal surface is pale bluish grey, clouded with ill defined brownish blotches, and ornamented closely and profusely with longitudinal rows of dark brown, hieroglyphic markings; the callous sides and base are feebly tinged with pale brown, the sides being also marked ,with clouded, dark purplish brown spots; teeth orange-brown.

Shell is moderately large, oblong-ovate, flattened base, more ur less pronounced callus thickening at the sides; the teeth are strong and produced partially across the base of the lips; the aperture is strongly dilated in front.



Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Arabian Cowry (English)
• Cowries
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(For decoration)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Rocky, Sandy
Trophic Level:  Primary Consumer
Prey:  Herbivores

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Car Nicobar (Lat: 9.17) (Long: 92.78) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Little Andaman (Lat: 10.75) (Long: 92.5) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Neill Island (Lat: 11.83) (Long: 93.05) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Shingle Island (Lat: 9.23) (Long: 79.23) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nancowry Island (Lat: 7.98) (Long: 93.53) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka Reef INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha Reef INDIA
• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2002) Lakshadweep Islands biodiversity strategy and action plan (Version: 3)
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Nagabhushanam, AK and Krishnan, S (1993) Observations on the distribution of some of the marine organism inhabiting the inter-tidal zone along the western continental shelf of the Bay of Bengal, with particular reference to the Tamil Nadu coastal strip Records of the Zoological Survey of India 93(3-4) 449-490 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Tan, KS and Kastoro, WW (2004) A small collection of gastropods and bivalves from the Anambas and Natuna Islands, south China Sea The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 11 47-54
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Fernando, AS and Fernando, OJ (2002) A field guide to the common invertebrates of the east coast of India Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology 1-258 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Hosseinzadeh, H; Daghoghi, B and Rameshi, H (2001) Atlas of the Persian Gulf molluscs Oman sea fisheries research center, Oman 208 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Phillip colla photography Available at - http://www.oceanlight.com/
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Jaiswar, AK and Kulkarni, BG (2001) Vertical distribution of molluscs in the intertidal area in and around Mumbai, India Journal of Indian fisheries association Indian fisheries association, Mumbai, India 28 93-100 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Gopalakrishnan, P (1970) Some observations on the shore ecology of the Okha Coast Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Cochin, India 120(1&2) 15-34 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Satyamurti, ST (1952) The Mollusca of Krusadai island in the Gulf of Mannar I- Amphineura and Gastropoda Bulletin of the Madras Government 1(2) 265 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2013-02-12

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