Planaxis sulcatus   (Born,  1778) (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order:[unassigned] Caenogastropoda
Family:Planaxidae

Image copyrights: Kwansei Shell Database

Description
Size: 1 - 3.5 cm.

Color: Grey, black, white but with crowded, spiral, dark brown blotches giving an overall dark appearance, interior and columella white; purplish brown with a white pattern; Aperture brown, edged with white dashes.

Outer lip is denticulate, whorls with spiral cords, interior aperture is ridged. Protoconch with about two whorls, teleoconch with about seven whorls, suture deeply incised, base moderately constricted, sculpture with incised spiral lines and grooves, anterior canal short, wide, outer lip with a smooth edge, denticulate within, columella concave, slightly calloused, parietal tooth prominent, periostracum thin, brown, operculum large, with few whorls and subterminal nucleus; hell with moderately short spire.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Tropical Periwinkle (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine, Rocky, Sandy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Primary Consumer
Prey:  Herbivores

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Shingle Island (Lat: 9.23) (Long: 79.23) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Nariman Point INDIA (Record: 12/2006-11/2007)
• Karnataka, Netrani Island (Lat: 14.01) (Long: 74.33) INDIA (Record: 08/05/2006) (Depth: 12 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 18.9) (Long: 72.78) INDIA (Record: 12/2006-11/2007)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 19.15) (Long: 72.93) INDIA (Record: 12/2006-11/2007)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Karangadu Mangroves (Lat: 9.64) (Long: 78.94) INDIA (Record: 02/2010) (Depth: 1-2 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Karangadu Mangroves (Lat: 9.64) (Long: 78.96) INDIA (Record: 02/2010) (Depth: 1-2 mts)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan (Lat: 16.07) (Long: 73.47) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Devgarh INDIA
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 8) (Long: 75) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Madras INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Visakhapatnam INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2002) Lakshadweep Islands biodiversity strategy and action plan (Version: 3)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Apte,D (1998) The book of Indian shells Oxford University Press 115
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Tan, KS and Kastoro, WW (2004) A small collection of gastropods and bivalves from the Anambas and Natuna Islands, south China Sea The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 11 47-54
  • Hulings, NC (1987) Exposure and desiccation tolerance among rocky intertidal gastropods of Jordan Gulf of Aqaba (Red Sea) Vie Marine 8 29-35 Available at - ZOOR12500013585
  • Abdul-Salam, J and Sreelatha, BS (2004) Description and surface topography of the cercaria of Austrobilharzia sp. (Digenea: Schistosomatidae) Parasitology International 53(1) Available at - Zoological records
  • (2004) AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation University of California at Berkeley, USA Available at - http://www.amphibiaweb.org/
  • Hosseinzadeh, H; Daghoghi, B and Rameshi, H (2001) Atlas of the Persian Gulf molluscs Oman sea fisheries research center, Oman 208 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Eddie, H Hardy's internet guide to marine gastropods Available at - http://www.gastropods.com/
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  • Wilson, B; Wilson, C and Baker, P (1993) Australian marine shells 1 1-408 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Datta, SN; Chakraborty, SK; Jaiswar, AK and Venkateshvaran, K (2008) Temporal and spatial differences in species diversity in the intertidal region of south Mumbai Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 50(1) 29-37 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Zacharia, PU; Krishnakumar, PK; Dineshbabu, AP; Vijayakumaran, K; Rohit, P; Thomas, S; Sasikumar, G; Kaladharan, P; Durgekar, RN and Mohamed, KS (2008) Species assemblage in the coral reef ecosystem of Netrani Island off Karnataka along the southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 50(1) 87-97 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Datta, SN; Chakraborty, SK; Jaiswar, AK and Ziauddin, G. (2010) A comparative study on intertidal faunal biodiversity of selected beaches of Mumbai coast Journal of Environmental Biology Academy of Environmental Biology, India, 31(6) 981-986 Available at - www.jeb.co.in/journal_issues/201011_nov10/paper_15.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Jaiswar, AK and Kulkarni, BG (2001) Vertical distribution of molluscs in the intertidal area in and around Mumbai, India Journal of Indian fisheries association Indian fisheries association, Mumbai, India 28 93-100 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Appukuttan, KK and Joseph, S (2005) Conservation and Management of reef ecosystem associated molluscs for sustainable utilization Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 59-68 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
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  • Subba Rao, NV (2003) Indian seashells Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata (Part 1) 416 pp Available at - NCL, Pune

Page last updated on:2012-06-21

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