Cerithium columna   G.B. Sowerby I,  1834 (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order:[unassigned] Caenogastropoda
Family:Cerithiidae

Image copyrights: Roger Rule

Description
Size: 25-55 mm.

Color: White to cream (with dark marks), finely flecked with brown or purple.

Broad or slender, spire is long and pointed, spirally ridges with sharp tubercles, anterior canal twisted, aperture white, fusiform, turreted, base excavated, whorls angulate to straight-sided, sculptured with strong axial ribs, about 18 on the penultimate whorl, and granulose spiral cords which are strongest at the periphery of the body whorl, outer lip foliated, large, randomly placed varixes usually present, anterior canal long, moderately tubular, slightly upturned and reflected to the left, posterior canal distinct, bordered by a strong parietal plait, columella concave, heavily calloused, with a thick lip.

Synonym (s)
Cerithium columna Sowerby, 1834
Cerithium columna Smith, 1906
Cerithium columna Rajagopal & Mookherjee, 1982
Cerithium citrinoide Kobelt, 1893
Cerithium cylindraceum Pease, 1869
Cerithium fusiforme G.B. Sowerby II, 1855
Cerithium menkei Deshayes, 1863
Cerithium munitoides Habe, 1964
Cerithium peasi Dautzenberg & Bouge, 1933
Cerithium proditum Bayle, 1880
Cerithium sandvichense Reeve, 1865
Cerithium sculptum Pease, 1869
Cerithium siphonatum G.B. Sowerby II, 1865

Common Name (s)
• Yellow Cerith
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Sandy
Trophic Level:  Primary Consumer
Prey:  Herbivores

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 11/3/1983)
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Red Sea
• MAURITIUS
• MALDIVES
• SRI LANKA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2002) Lakshadweep Islands biodiversity strategy and action plan (Version: 3)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Apte,D (1998) The book of Indian shells Oxford University Press 115
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Tan, KS and Kastoro, WW (2004) A small collection of gastropods and bivalves from the Anambas and Natuna Islands, south China Sea The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 11 47-54
  • Gulbin, VV and Evseev, GA (1997) Intertidal Prosobranch Gastropods of Vietnam Galaxea Ryukyus University, Japan 13(2) 157-166 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Hosseinzadeh, H; Daghoghi, B and Rameshi, H (2001) Atlas of the Persian Gulf molluscs Oman sea fisheries research center, Oman 208 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Eddie, H Hardy's internet guide to marine gastropods Available at - http://www.gastropods.com/
  • Wilson, B; Wilson, C and Baker, P (1993) Australian marine shells 1 1-408 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Surya Rao, KV and Subba Rao, NV (1991) Mollusca State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 273-362 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Das, AK and Roy, MKD (1989) A general account of the mangrove fauna of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fauna of conservation areas Zoological survey of India 1-152 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Subba Rao, NV (2003) Indian seashells Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata (Part 1) 416 pp Available at - NCL, Pune

Page last updated on:2012-06-21

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