Eriphia sebana   (Shaw & Nodder,  1803) (Crab)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Eriphiidae

Image copyrights: NIO, Goa

Description
Max. size: 8.0 cm CW (male)

Carapace nearly 4/5 as long as broad, devoid of hair dorsally; front cut into blunt teeth. Chelipeds smooth to the naked eye.
Carapace smooth, but closely covered with very small vesiculous granules not plainly visible to the naked eye. The post orbital groove is distinct. The free edge of the frontal lobes are bluntly spinate; there is a blunt spine also at the lower angle of the orbit. Chelipeds almost smooth to the naked eye. Though closely covered with small depressed vesiculous granules under the lens. Legs stout, smooth, upper edge of merus denticulate and somewhat hairy, the lower edge with tufts of stiff hair; similar tufts of hair along upper edge of carpus and on all the edges and surfaces of the propodite. The greater part of the dactylus covered with short stiff hairs and longer bristles.

Occasionally mildly poisonous in some parts of its range.


Synonym (s)
Cancer sebana Shaw and Nodder, 1803
Eriphia fordii MacLeay, 1838
Eriphia laevimana Guerin, 1829
Eriphia sebana hawaiiensis Ward, 1939
Eriphia trapeziformis Hess, 1865
Gecarcinus anisocheles Latreille, 1818

Common Name (s)
• Red Eyed Rock Crab (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Dangers
(Poisonous)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Rocky, Coastal

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 92.75) INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Red Sea
• Tamil Nadu, Pullivasal Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Roy, MKD and Das, AK (2000) Taxonomy, ecobiology and distribution pattern of the brachyuran crabs of mangrove ecosystem in the Andaman Islands Occasional paper no 185 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-211 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Kensley, B (1981) On the Zoogeography of Southern Afrian Decapod Crustacea, with a distributional checklist of the species Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 338 23377 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Jeyabaskaran, R; Wafar, S and Wafar, M (2002) CD on Brachyuran Crabs of West Coast, India Available at - http://www.nio.org/Biology/brachyuran/index.html
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sankarankutty, C (1966) On Decapoda Brachyura from the Gulf of Mannar and Palk Bay Proceedings of the Symposium on Crustacea Marine Biological Association of India, Mandapam Camp Part I 347-362 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2394/1/Article_32.pdf
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi, NC (2005) Brachyuran diversity of coral reef ecosystems in India Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 220-231 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • Kathirvel, M (2009) Marine poisonous brachyuran crabs of India Fishing chimes 29(9) 24-29 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi NC (2007) Brachyuran diversity in coastal ecosystems of Tamil Nadu Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 4(2) 169-192 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-10-11

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