Carpilius maculatus   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Crab)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Carpiliidae

Image copyrights: Keoki Stender

Description
Max. size: 18 cm CW (male)

Color: Cream to pink ground color, with 9 large violet to maroon spots on dorsal surface of carapace: 3 on median region, 2 on posterior region, 2 on anterolateral region, and 2 around orbits.

Carapace with symmetrically disposed 11 large red blots, front deflexed and its median lobe definitely bilobed.
Front obliquely deflexed, the median lobe very decidedly bilobulate and separated from the lateral lobes on either by a deep notch. Carapace with not less than eleven large roundish dark-red blots disposed as follows: two on either side immediately behind the eye, the smaller and anterior one of these involving the orbital margin; three in a transverse curve across the middle of the carapace; four in another transverse line just in front of the posterior margin.


Synonym (s)
Cancer maculatus Linnaeus, 1758

Common Name (s)
• Spotted Rock Crab (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Dangers
(Poisonous to eat)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Rocky, Coastal

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Minicoy (Lat: 8.12) (Long: 73.3) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Karnataka, Netrani Island (Lat: 14.03) (Long: 74.55) INDIA (Record: 05/2006) (Depth: -(10-15) mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai INDIA
• INDIA
• Lakshadweep Islands (Lat: 8.28) (Long: 72.16) INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep Islands (Lat: 11.68) (Long: 73.68) INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Tamil Nadu INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Roy, MKD and Das, AK (2000) Taxonomy, ecobiology and distribution pattern of the brachyuran crabs of mangrove ecosystem in the Andaman Islands Occasional paper no 185 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-211 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Alcock, A (1968) Materials for a carcinological fauna of India the Brachyura Oxyrhyncha The Baptist Mission Press 1 1-456 Available at - Pune University, Pune
  • Sankarankutty, C (1961) On some crabs (Decapoda, Brachyura) from the Laccadive Archipelago Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 3(1-2) 120-136 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Kensley, B (1981) On the Zoogeography of Southern Afrian Decapod Crustacea, with a distributional checklist of the species Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 338 23377 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Debelius, H (2001) Crustacea Guide of the world 11-318 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Paulson, O (1961) Studies on Crustacea of the Red Sea The Israel Program for Scientific Translations 1-164 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Jeyabaskaran, R; Wafar, S and Wafar, M (2002) CD on Brachyuran Crabs of West Coast, India Available at - http://www.nio.org/Biology/brachyuran/index.html
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Zacharia, PU; Krishnakumar, PK; Dineshbabu, AP; Vijayakumaran, K; Rohit, P; Thomas, S; Sasikumar, G; Kaladharan, P; Durgekar, RN and Mohamed, KS (2008) Species assemblage in the coral reef ecosystem of Netrani Island off Karnataka along the southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 50(1) 87-97 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Stender, GK and Stender, YO Marinelifephotography.com Available at - http://www.marinelifephotography.com/
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Sankarankutty, C (1966) On Decapoda Brachyura from the Gulf of Mannar and Palk Bay Proceedings of the Symposium on Crustacea Marine Biological Association of India, Mandapam Camp Part I 347-362 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2394/1/Article_32.pdf
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi, NC (2005) Brachyuran diversity of coral reef ecosystems in India Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 220-231 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • Rao, GS; Suseelan, C and Kathirvel, M (1989) Crustacean resources of the Lakshadweep islands Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 72-76 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi NC (2007) Brachyuran diversity in coastal ecosystems of Tamil Nadu Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 4(2) 169-192 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-10-11

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