Tubipora musica   Linnaeus,  1758 (Soft coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Alcyonacea
Family:Tubiporidae

Image copyrights: Roger Steene

Description
Red Organ pipe coral. This is not a true coral, but has a limestone skeleton. It is made up of numerous vertical "pipes" connected with lateral plates, all of which remain bright red when cleaned. The living coral is usually inconspicuous, because the skeleton is covered by the extended polyps, which are a dull grey. Polyps have eight feathery tentacles. Fragments are conspicuous on beaches due to their red colouration against the while coral sand.


Synonym (s)
Tubipora purpurea Pallas, 1766

Common Name (s)
• Organ Pipe Coral (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Natural threats, Anthropogenic
(Protected under Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972)

Ecology
IUCN Status:  NearThreatened

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bangaram INDIA
• South East Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2002) Andaman and Nicobar Islands biodiversity strategy and action plan (Version: 3)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Rao, DV and Devi,K (2003) Studies on the soft corals (Octocorallia: Alcyonacea) of Andaman Islands, Bay of Bengal Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 36161 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Checklist of fish and invertebrates listed in the CITES appendices and in EC regulation no. 338/97 Available at - http://www.ukcites.gov.uk/pdf_files/FishInvertebrates6.pdf
  • Crossland, C (1928) Madreporaria, Hydrocorallinae, Heliopora and Tubipora Great Barrier Reef Expedition 1928-1929 6(3) 85-257 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Mohammed, SAA (2005) An alarming threat to the red organ pipe coral Tubipora musica and suggested solutions Ecological Research 20(5) 529-535
  • Bernhard, R (1996) Hermatypic coral fauna of subtropical southeast Africa: a checklist Pacific Science 50 (4) 404-414 Available at - Zoological Records
  • Saad, MAH (1984) Proceedings of the Symposium on Coral Reef environment of the Red Sea King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia 1-681 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Venkataraman, K; Satyanarayana, CH; Alfred, JRB and Wolstenholme, J (2003) Handbook on hard corals of India ZSI, Kolkata 266 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Carpenter, KE; Abrar, M; Aeby, G; Aronson, RB; Banks, S et al. (2008) One third of reef building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts Science American Association for the Advancement of Science 321 125-126 Available at - http://sci.odu.edu/gmsa/about/Carpenter_corals_supplimental.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972
  • Arkive: Images of life on earth Available at - http://www.arkive.org/
  • Pillai, CSG and Jasmine, S (1989) The coral fauna of Lakshadweep Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 179-195 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-05-02

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