Antillesoma antillarum   (Grube,  1858) (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Phascolosomatidea

Image copyrights: Kawauchi, Gisele Y.

Size: Max length 8.0 cm TRKL (male); common length 3.0 cm (male); trunk 20-26 mm long.

Introvert about one-third the trunk length, without hooks but with 42-50 tentacles arranged in a single crescent and placed dorsal to mouth. Papillae of trunk larger at the posterior end than those in the middle but smaller than those at its anterior end and also introvert base. Longitudinal muscles grouped into 15-32 frequently anastomosing bands. Retractor muscles two pairs, both fused together immediately after their origin from the same level at middle third of trunk. Spindle muscle attached posteriorly. Contractile vessel with numerous, long villi. Nephridia exceeding half the trunk length, almost fully attached and opening at the same level as anus.

Synonym (s)
Physcosoma asser Shipley, 1903
Physcosoma pelma Shipley, 1903
Antillesoma antillarum Gibbs and Cutler, 1987
Aspidosiphon mokyevskii Gibbs, Cutler & Cutler, 1983
Golfingia (Thysanocardia) mokyevskii Stephen & Edmonds, 1972
Golfingia mokyevskii Murina, 1964a
Phascolosoma antillarum Grube & Oersted, 1858
(Senior synonym)
Phascolosoma asser (Selenka & de Man, 1883)
(Junior synonym)
Phascolosoma gaudens (Lanchester, 1905)
(Junior synonym)
Phascolosoma glans (de Quatrefages, 1865)
(Junior synonym)
Phascolosoma immodestum (de Quatrefages, 1865)
(Junior synonym)
Phascolosoma nigriceps Baird, 1868
(Junior synonym)
Phascolosoma onomichianum (Ikeda, 1904)
(Junior synonym)
Phascolosoma pelma (Selenka & de Man, 1883)
(Junior synonym)
Phascolosoma schmidti Murina, 1975
(Junior synonym)
Phascolosoma simile (Chen & Yeh, 1958)
(Junior synonym)
Phascolosoma weldoni (Shipley, 1892)
(Junior synonym)
Phymosoma antillarum (Grube & Oersted, 1858)
(Senior synonym)
Phymosoma asser Selenka & de Man, 1883
(Junior synonym)
Phymosoma onomichianum Ikeda, 1904
(Junior synonym)
Phymosoma pelma Selenka & de Man, 1883
(Junior synonym)
Physcosoma antillarum (Grube & Oersted, 1858)
(Junior synonym)
Physcosoma asser (Selenka & de Man, 1883)
(Junior synonym)
Physcosoma gaudens Lanchester, 1905
(Junior synonym)
Physcosoma onomichianum (Ikeda, 1904)
(Junior synonym)
Physcosoma pelma (Selenka & de Man, 1883)
(Junior synonym)
Physcosoma similis Chen & Yeh, 1958
(Junior synonym)
Physcosoma weldoni Shipley, 1892
(Junior synonym)
Sipunculus glans de Quatrefages, 1865
(Junior synonym)
Sipunculus immodestus de Quatrefages, 1865
(Junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Benthic, Coastal


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 24/12/1979)

Literature Source(s)
  • Halder, BP (1991) Sipunculans of the Indian coast Memoirs of the Zoological survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 17(4) p 169 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Haldar, BP (1991) Sipuncula State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 167-183 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sealifebase Available at -
  • Encyclopedia of Life Available at -

Page last updated on:2010-11-26

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