Turbinaria mesenterina   (Lamarck,  1816) (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Dendrophylliidae

Image copyrights: Ron & Valeric Taylor

Description
Color: Usually grey-green or grey-brown.

Colonies are composed of unifacial laminae which are highly contorted and anastomosed in subtidal habitats, are upright or tiered fronds on upper reef slopes and are horizontal fronds in deeper water, according to light availability. Corallites are crowded, slightly exsert, with calices 1.3-2 mm in diameter. Plate-like and foliaceous colonies, variable in presentation. Recognised by their vase-shaped plates which may form an elegant spiral. Corallites (2 mm across) are evenly spaced and protrude noticeably; present only on the upper surface. This dendrophylliid coral is encrusting, forms thin walled, vase shaped coralla, or develops into large expanses of vertical and horizontal plates. Its corallites are conical (up to 5 mm wide at the base) to immersed, though calices of all corallites have a fairly constant diameter of 2 mm

Sexual, broadcast spawning.


Synonym (s)
Turbinaria mesenterina Lamarck, 1816
Turbinaria mesenterina Scheer, 1967
Explanaria mesenterina Lamarck, 1816
Turbinaria undata Pillai, 1986

Common Name (s)
• Disc Coral (English)
• Pagoda coral (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Natural threats, Anthropogenic
(Protected under Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
IUCN Status:  Vulnerable

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• INDONESIA
• Red Sea
• MALDIVES
• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai, Valai INDIA (Record: 09/2004-06/2005) (Depth: -(2-10) mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Manauli Island INDIA
• Kerala, Enayam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban INDIA (Record: 1968-1969)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, New Islet Island INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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  • Edward, JKP; Patterson, J; Venkatesh M; Mathews, G; Chellaram, C and Wilhelmsson D (2004) A field guide to stony corals (Scleractinia) of Tuticorin in Gulf of Mannar, southeast coast of India SDMRI special research publication no. 4 SDMRI, Tuticorin, India 80 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
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  • Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972
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Page last updated on:2011-05-02

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