Goniastrea pectinata   (Ehrenberg,  1834) (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Merulinidae

Description
Color: Pale brown or pink, dark brown in deep or turbid water.

Colonies are submassive or encrusting. Corallites are cerioid to submeandroid usually with less than four centres. Walls are thick, paliform lobes are well developed.

Hermaphroditic, sexual, broadcast spawning.


Synonym (s)
Astrea pectinata Ehrenberg, 1833
Goniastrea pectinata Scheer & Pillai, 1974
Goniastrea pectinata Scheer and Pillai, 1983

Common Name (s)
• Lesser Star Coral (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Natural threats, Anthropogenic
(Protected under Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972)
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(Fisheries, human development (industry, settlement, tourism, and transportation), changes in native species dynamics (competitors, predators, pathogens and parasites), invasive species (competitors, predators, pathogens and parasites), dynamite fishing, chemical fishing, pollution from agriculture and industry, domestic pollution, sedimentation, and human recreation and tourism activities)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Plankton
Predator:  Butterflyfish (Chaetodon lunulatus)
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kariyachalli Island (Lat: 8.95) (Long: 78.23) INDIA
• Palk Bay (Lat: 9.5) (Long: 79.25) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Koswari Island (Lat: 8.86) (Long: 78.21) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vaan Island (Lat: 8.83) (Long: 78.21) INDIA
• Karnataka, Netrani Island (Lat: 14.01) (Long: 74.33) INDIA (Record: 08/05/2006) (Depth: -12 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Kerala, Enayam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 14) (Long: 94) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 8.53) (Long: 92.5) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban INDIA (Record: 1968-1969)
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram INDIA (Record: 1968-1969)
• Tamil Nadu, Manauli Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Shingle Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pullivasal Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulli Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Hare Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA
• INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, New Islet Island INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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  • Corals of the World online Available at - http://coral.aims.gov.au/

Page last updated on:2013-05-10

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