Favia rotundata   Veron, Pichon & Wijsman Best  1977 (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Faviidae

Description
Color: Pale grey, yellowish or brown.

Colonies are dome-shaped or flat. Corallites are thick-walled, circular, tending to be subplocoid. This species has calices which are very large, reaching 2 cm diameter. Because of this is easily recognised. Underwater, the polyps appear as thick rings of fleshy tissue, thick enough to completely obscure the skeleton beneath.

Similar species: While it cannot be mistaken for any other member of its genus, it is of similar size to Montastrea magnistellata and Favites flexuosa.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Knob Coral (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Aquarium)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Plankton
IUCN Status:  Near Threatened

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Bali INDONESIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2002) Andaman and Nicobar Islands biodiversity strategy and action plan (Version: 3)
  • Cairns, DS; Hoeksema, WB and Derland, JV (1999) List of extant stony corals Atoll Research Bulletin National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C, U. S. A 459 13-46 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Wafar, MVM and Wafar, S (2001) 101 questions on corals: Towards awareness National Institute of Oceanography, Goa and Administration of the U.T. of Lakshadweep 81 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Reeflex Available at - http://www.reeflex.net/
  • Carpenter, KE; Abrar, M; Aeby, G; Aronson, RB; Banks, S et al. (2008) One third of reef building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts Science American Association for the Advancement of Science 321 125-126 Available at - http://sci.odu.edu/gmsa/about/Carpenter_corals_supplimental.pdf


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