Merulina scabricula   Dana  1846 (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Hexacorallia
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Merulinidae

Description
Color: Blue or pale brown with blue margins

Colonies are laminar or sub-arborescent, with these different growth-forms characteristically occurring together in large colonies. Valleys are short, straight, and spread in a fan before dividing. They radiate from the colony centre on flat surfaces, but are highly contorted on branches. Flat surfaces often have concentric growth lines. Tentacles are extended only at night. Well developed colonies always have some branch development.

Hermaphroditic, sexual, broadcast spawning.

Similar species: Merulina ampliata

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Crispy Crust Coral (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2002) Andaman and Nicobar Islands biodiversity strategy and action plan (Version: 3)
  • James, C; O'Farrell, S; Hamylton, S; Ingwersen, C and Walker, R The coral reef resources of Mu Ko Surin national park, Thailand Coral Cay Conservation Available at - www.coralcay.org
  • Mazlan, AG; Zaidi, CC; WanLotfi, WM and Othman, BHR (2005) On the current status of coastal marine biodiversity in Malaysia Indian Journal of Marine Sciences National Institute of Science Communication And Information Resources, CSIR, New Delhi, India, in association with Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi, INDIA 34(1) 76-87 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Veron, JEN (2000) Corals of the world Australian Institute of Marine Science, Australia 2 429 pp Available at - NIO, Goa


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