Acanthastrea hemprichii   (Ehrenberg,  1834) (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Mussidae

Description
Color: Mottled browns and greens, commonly with brown walls and green oral discs.

Colonies are encrusting to massive and frequently over 1 m across. Corallites are cerioid. Septa have exsert teeth. Colonies have fleshy tissue over the skeleton, but this is not thick enough to mask underlying skeletal structures.

Similar species: Acanthastrea echinata has more widely spaced, fleshy, less cerioid corallites. Acanthastrea bowerbanki usually has a central corallite and more angular peripheral corallites and more angular peripheral corallites and Acanthastrea hillae, which has larger and more fleshy corallites.



Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Starry Cup Coral (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(Global climate change and ocean acidification)
Threats:  Natural threats
(Susceptibility to disease and storms)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
IUCN Status:  Vulnerable

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Flores INDONESIA
• Pemba Island TANZANIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2002) Andaman and Nicobar Islands biodiversity strategy and action plan (Version: 3)
  • Mazlan, AG; Zaidi, CC; WanLotfi, WM and Othman, BHR (2005) On the current status of coastal marine biodiversity in Malaysia Indian Journal of Marine Sciences National Institute of Science Communication And Information Resources, CSIR, New Delhi, India, in association with Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi, INDIA 34(1) 76-87 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Cairns, DS; Hoeksema, WB and Derland, JV (1999) List of extant stony corals Atoll Research Bulletin National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C, U. S. A 459 13-46 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Veron, JEN (2000) Corals of the world Australian Institute of Marine Science, Australia 3 490 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Australian Institute of Marine Science Available at - http://www.aims.gov.au/
  • Wafar, MVM and Wafar, S (2001) 101 questions on corals: Towards awareness National Institute of Oceanography, Goa and Administration of the U.T. of Lakshadweep 81 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Carpenter, KE; Abrar, M; Aeby, G; Aronson, RB; Banks, S et al. (2008) One third of reef building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts Science American Association for the Advancement of Science 321 125-126 Available at - http://sci.odu.edu/gmsa/about/Carpenter_corals_supplimental.pdf
  • Venkataraman, K; Satyanarayana, CH; Alfred, JRB and Wolstenholme, J (2003) Handbook on hard corals of India ZSI, Kolkata 266 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/

Page last updated on:2012-11-06

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