Fungia klunzingeri   Doderlein  1901 (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Hexacorallia
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Fungiidae

Description
Color: Brown, sometimes with radiating stripes, with white tentacular lobes

Polyps are circular, up to 200 mm diameter and flat or with a central dome. Septa are of markedly different sizes and have large triangular to columnar teeth with a central rib and which form a regular pattern. Tentacular lobes are usually not developed. Costae are widely spaced, the larger having simple spines. The undersurface has pits between the costae.

Similar species: Fungia horrida, which does not have regular triangular septal teeth


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Predator:  Butterflyfish (Chaetodon lunulatus)

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2002) Andaman and Nicobar Islands biodiversity strategy and action plan (Version: 3)
  • Mazlan, AG; Zaidi, CC; WanLotfi, WM and Othman, BHR (2005) On the current status of coastal marine biodiversity in Malaysia Indian Journal of Marine Sciences National Institute of Science Communication And Information Resources, CSIR, New Delhi, India, in association with Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi, INDIA 34(1) 76-87 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Fenner, D (2001) Reef Corals of Banggi Area Reefs, Sabah, Malaysia
  • Sheppard, C and Obura, D (2005) Corals and reefs of Cosmoledo and Aldabra atolls: Extent Journal of Natural History Taylor and Francis Ltd 39(2) 103-121 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Veron, JEN (1986) Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Advanced Aquarist Available at - http://www.advancedaquarist.com/
  • Wafar, MVM and Wafar, S (2001) 101 questions on corals: Towards awareness National Institute of Oceanography, Goa and Administration of the U.T. of Lakshadweep 81 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pratchett, MS; Wilson, ESK; Berumen, EML and McCormick, MI (2004) Sublethal effects of coral bleaching on an obligate coral feeding butterflyfish Coral Reefs 23 352-356 Available at - http://www.springerlink.com/content/yv4pkvd6htp7mfnl/fulltext.pdf
  • Veron, JEN (2000) Corals of the world Australian Institute of Marine Science, Australia 2 429 pp Available at - NIO, Goa


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