Esacus recurvirostris   (Cuvier,  1829) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

Image copyrights: Pbase

Size: 49-54 cm.

Voice: Loud, harsh, kree-kree-kree.

Habits: Crepuscular and nocturnal but prefers sunlight during day, inhabits water edges, if disturbed, camouflage or runs off, breeds from February to June. Nest on exposed sandbank on riverbeds.

Adult: Sexes alike, a massive-billed sandy brown plover, with greenish-yellow legs. Bill stout and black with yellow base, distinctly upturned, lores, feathers round the eye and supercilium white, eyes large and yellow with two blackish bands resembling 'goggles', primaries, innermost secondaries and scapulars black, tail ashy-brown with pale tip and two irregular dark bars, a short grey-brown moustaches-like streak, remaining lower plumage white. Juvenile: Paler.

Synonym (s)
Oedicnemus recurvirostris Cuvier, 1829
Burhinus recurvirostris (Cuvier, 1829)

Common Name (s)
• Chashmewala Plavor (Marathi)
• Great Stone Plover (English)
• Moto Chakva Chakvi (Gujarati)
• Bada Karwanak (Hindi)
• Great Thick-Knee
• Great Stone-Plover (English)
• Perumkokkan (Malayalam)
• Peira musal kozhundu (Tamil)
• Karwanak (Marathi)
• Moto chakva-chakvi, Moto chadno (Gujrati)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Carnivorous, chiefly crabs, molluscs and insects also fish, frogs and reptiles.
IUCN Status:  Least Concern


• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Delhi, Okhla barrage bird sanctuary INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Mukherjee, AK (1995) Birds of arid and semi-arid tracts Occasional paper no 142 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-303 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Mahabal, A and Lamba, BS (1987) On the birds of Poona and vicinity Occasional paper no 94 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-115 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at -
  • Kumar, A; Sati, JP; Tak, PC and Alfred, JRB (2005) Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation Zoological Survey of India, Dehra Dun 468 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • PBase Available at -
  • Davidar, Priya; Yoganand, K; Ganesh, T and Nayak, KG (2007) Avifauna of the andaman islands: preliminary inventory and distributional patterns Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 104(3) 298-310 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Srinivasulu, C (2004) Birds of kawal wildlife sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh , India Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 101(1) 3-25 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Vernacular names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent Buceros, Envis newsletter: Avian Ecology & Inland Wetlands 62pp Available at -
  • Manakadan R and Pittie A (2001) Standardized English names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent BUCEROS Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetland 6(1) 26pp Available at -
  • Kumar A, sati JP and Tak CK (2003) Checklist of Indian Waterbids Buceros Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetlands 8(1) 30pp Available at -
  • Gopi GV and Pandav B (2007) Avifauna of Bhitarkanika Mangroves, India Zoo's print journal 22(10) 2839-2847pp Available at -
  • Urfi AJ (2003) The birds of Okhla barrage bird sanctuary, Delhi, India Forktail 19 39-50pp Available at -

Page last updated on:2012-10-04

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