Diodon holocanthus   Linnaeus,  1758 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Tetraodontiformes
Family:Diodontidae

Description
Size: 25- 43.0 cm.

Color: Back brown to grey fading to white on belly. Six large dark blotches on back and head; many small black spots scattered on back and sides. No spots on fins.

Head 2.6 in standard length. Eye 3.2, 1.8 in snout. Body rotund and capable of inflation, bearing long erectile two-rooted spines; none of the spines wholly on caudal peduncle; frontal spines very long, slightly shorter to much longer than the spines immediately behind pectoral fin bases; no small downward-pointing spine below anterior margin of eye. Nasal organ a short hollow tube with two openings near tip; teeth thick and strong, fused to form a beak-like crushing structure without median suture dividing upper and lower jaws into right and left halves. All fins spineless; dorsal and anal fins rounded and set far back on body; pelvic fins absent. Short fleshy tentacles often present over eyes, on mid-back, and along lower side. A pair of short barbels on chin.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Diodon paraholocanthus Kotthaus, 1979
Diodon maculifer Kaup, 1855
Atopomycterus bocagei Steindachner, 1866
Diodon holacanthus Linnaeus, 1758
(Misspelling)
Diodon hystrix holocanthus Linnaeus, 1758
Diodon maculifer Kaup, 1855
Diodon multimaculatus Cuvier, 1818
Diodon novemaculatus Cuvier, 1818
(Misspelling)
Diodon novemmaculatus Cuvier, 1818
Diodon paraholocanthus Kotthaus, 1979
Diodon pilosus Mitchill, 1815
Diodon quadrimaculatus Cuvier, 1818
Diodon sexmaculatus Cuvier, 1818
Paradiodon quadrimaculatus (Cuvier, 1818)
Trichodiodon pilosus (Mitchill, 1815)

Common Name (s)
• Balloonfish (English)
• Long-Spine Porcupinefish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed fresh; occasionally dried and sold as curios)

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Pelagic, Reef Associated

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• MYANMAR
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chidiya Tapu INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cuddalore Coast INDIA (Record: 12/2008)
• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Mehdi, A; Yves, L; Michel, P and Salvat, B (1998) Factors influencing spatial distribution of fish communities an a fringing reef at Mauritius, S.W. Indian Ocean Environmental Biology of Fishes Kluwer Academic Publishers 53 169-182 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 2 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (1992) New records of tetraodontiform fishes from Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 8(1) 115-120 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Lakshmi, A and Sundaramanickam, A (2011) Biodiversity of reef ichthyofauna in Cuddalore coast, southeast coast of India International Journal of Environmental Sciences Integrated Publishing Association 1(7) 1616-1621 Available at - ipublishing.co.in/jesvol1no12010/EIJES2108.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-12-13

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