Lagocephalus scleratus [Status Unaccepted]   (Gmelin,  1789) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Tetraodontiformes
Family:Tetraodontidae

Image copyrights: Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Sultanate of Oman

Description
Size: 85 cm TL

Color: Greenish with dark brown to black spots above. A silvery band occurs running from the mouth to the caudal fin base. The belly is white. There is a silver blotch in front of the eye on each side and the pectoral fin base is black

The silver-stripe fish is an elongate and rather robust pufferfish. Head 3.4 in standard length. Eye 3.3, 1.3 in snout. Interorbital space flat. Eye with a free orbital rim except its superior part. Two lateral lines. The body, except for a few spinules on the back extending from the dorsal fin to the caudal fin, is naked and lacking in true scales. The fins are spineless and include a single dorsal fin of 10-12 rays, an anal fin of 8-11 rays, pectoral fins with 15-18 rays each and a lunate caudal fin. The mouth is small and terminal and has plate-like teeth which form a strong beak.

When provoked the silverstripe puffer inflates itself by gulping in air or water becoming enlarged and almost spherical. The combination of enlargement of its size through inflation of its belly and the toxicity of its skin and viscera constitute a defensive mechanism by the species against its enemies.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Tetrodon scleratus Forster, 1788

Common Name (s)
• Silverstripe Puffer (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Rocky
Trophic Level:  Quarternary Consumer
Prey:  Encrusting organisms, dead floating matter
Predator:  Dolfinfishes and barracudas

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Gulf of Aden
• OMAN
• Gulf of Oman
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Harmindar Bay INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Devi, K and Rao, DV (2003) Poisonous and venomous fishes of Andaman Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 211 Records of The Zoolgical Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 25934 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Chatterjee, TK; Talukdar, RS and Mukherjee, AK (2000) Fish and fisheries of Digha coast of West Bengal Occasional paper no 188 Records of the Zoological Survey of India 31778 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Al-Abdessalaam, TZS (1995) Marine species of the Sultanate of Oman p 412 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (1992) New records of tetraodontiform fishes from Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 8(1) 115-120 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sujatha, K (1995) Finfish constituents of trawl by-catch off Visakhapatnam Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 32(1) 56-60 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-05

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