Montipora foveolata   (Dana,  1846) (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Acroporidae

Image copyrights: atlantisaquarium.com

Description
Color: Usually pale brown, blue or cream but may be brightly colored

Colonies are massive or form thick plates. Corallites are foveolate (funnel-shaped) and immersed in the coenosteum so that the opening of the corallite is at the base of the funnel. The coenosteum is fine. Tuberculae and papillae are absent.

Hermaphroditic, sexual, broadcast spawning.

Similar species: Montipora venosa


Synonym (s)
Montipora socialis Wells 1954
Montipora socialis Bernard 1897
Montipora foveolata (Dana) 1846
(Senior synonym)
Montipora foveolata Dana 1846
Montipora foveolata Veron 2000

Common Name (s)
• Pore Coral (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Aquarium)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Plankton
Predator:  Gastropod (Magilopsis) and flatworm (Prosthiostomum)
IUCN Status:  NearThreatened

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Island INDIA (Record: 2009)
• Lakshadweep, Amini Island INDIA (Record: 2009)
• Lakshadweep, Andrott IsIand INDIA (Record: 2009)
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt Island INDIA (Record: 2009)
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan Island INDIA (Record: 2009)
• Lakshadweep, Bitra Island INDIA (Record: 2009)

Literature Source(s)
  • (2002) Andaman and Nicobar Islands biodiversity strategy and action plan (Version: 3)
  • Cairns, DS; Hoeksema, WB and Derland, JV (1999) List of extant stony corals Atoll Research Bulletin National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C, U. S. A 459 13-46 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Advanced Aquarist Available at - http://www.advancedaquarist.com/
  • Wafar, MVM and Wafar, S (2001) 101 questions on corals: Towards awareness National Institute of Oceanography, Goa and Administration of the U.T. of Lakshadweep 81 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Reeflex Available at - http://www.reeflex.net/
  • Carpenter, KE; Abrar, M; Aeby, G; Aronson, RB; Banks, S et al. (2008) One third of reef building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts Science American Association for the Advancement of Science 321 125-126 Available at - http://sci.odu.edu/gmsa/about/Carpenter_corals_supplimental.pdf
  • Reefkeeping- An online magazine for the marine aquarist Available at - http://reefkeeping.com/index.htm
  • Veron, JEN (2000) Corals of the world Australian Institute of Marine Science, Australia 1 463 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jeyabaskaran, R (2009) New records of corals from Lakshadweep Islands Records of Zoological Survey of India ZSI 109 (Part-1) 53-64 Available at - ZSI
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • AtlantisAquarium.net Available at - http://atlantisaquarium.net/index.html

Page last updated on:2012-11-05

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