Lactoria cornuta   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Tetraodontiformes
Family:Ostraciidae

Image copyrights: Yin, Robert

Description
Size: 40-50 cm.

Color: Yellowish brown, with scattered bluish or blackish spots, about one to each scale plate; caudal fin yellow with scattered blackish spots, the leading edges and the posterior third dusky; a blackish ring around mouth.

Carapace four ridged and generally a feeble spine on middle of back. Head 2.9-3.1 in standard length, 3.7-3.9 in total length. Eye diameter 2.5-2.6 in head, 1.4-1.5 in snout and less than 2.0 in concave interorbital space. Profile of snout almost vertical. Gill opening a little more than half eye diameter. Lateral and pelvic ridges rounded. Long and slender supraorbital spine directed forward and upward. Pelvic ridge terminating posteriorly in a backwardly directed spine. Caudal fin long, the rays bifurcate.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: i, 8; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: i, 8; number of rays in the pectoral fin: 11.

Adults are solitary and juveniles often form small groups.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Ostracion cornutus Linnaeus, 1758
Ostracion cornutus Linnaeus, 1758
(Senior synonym)
Lactoria cornuta Munro, 1955
Lactoria cornuta Smith, 1949
Lactoria cornutus (Linnaeus, 1758)
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Trunkfish (English)
• Long Horned Cowfish (English)
• Boxfishes (English)
• Garibo (Mahl)
• Komban (Malayalam)
• Tharathombu (Malayalam)
• Longhorn Cowfish (English)
• Long-horn Boxfish
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Aquarium, dried fishes are used to make ornaments
Ciguatera poisoning is reported)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine, Rocky, Sandy, Muddy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Zoobenthos
Predator:  Fishes (Thunnus albacares, T. obesus)

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 11) (Long: 72.5) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll (Lat: 10.55) (Long: 72.63) INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Suheli INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• MALDIVES
• INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Kerala INDIA
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Hut Bay INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Camorta Island INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Devi, K and Rao, DV (2003) Poisonous and venomous fishes of Andaman Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 211 Records of The Zoolgical Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 25934 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at - http://www.unep-wcmc.org/
  • Nagabhushanam, AK and Krishnan, S (1993) Observations on the distribution of some of the marine organism inhabiting the inter-tidal zone along the western continental shelf of the Bay of Bengal, with particular reference to the Tamil Nadu coastal strip Records of the Zoological Survey of India 93(3-4) 449-490 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Rouphael, T; Turak, E and Jon, B Seagrasses and mangroves of Yemen's Red Sea 41-89
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Durville, P; Chabanet, P and Quod, JP (2003) Visual Census of the Reef Fishes in the Natural Reserve of the Glorieuses Islands (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean J. Mar. Sci. WIOMSA 2 95-104
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2003) Habitat distribution and species diversity of coral reef fishes in the reefslope of the Kavaratti atoll, Lakshadweep, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 45(1) 88-98 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R and Nedumaran, T (2009) Ichthyofaunal diversity in great Nicobar biosphere reserve, Bay of Bengal Journal of Threatened Taxa Wildlife Information Liaison Development Society 1(3) 166-169 Available at - http://threatenedtaxa.org/ZooPrintJournal/2009/March/o198526iii09166-169.pdf
  • Bijukumar, A and Deepthi, GR (2009) Mean trophic index of fish fauna associated with trawl bycatch of Kerala, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 51(2) 145 - 154 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1996) Marine ornamental fishes of India Proceedings of the Seminar on Fisheries - A Multibillion Dollar Industry, Madras CMFRI 23-34 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7786/1/678-Mur.pdf
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (1992) New records of tetraodontiform fishes from Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 8(1) 115-120 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2004) Community organization of reef fishes in the live coral sub-habitat of Kavaratti atoll, Lakshadweep, India Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 51(1) 87-95 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/150/1/IJF_51_no.1_%2C2004_-_12.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-12-13

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