Canthidermis maculata   (Bloch,  1786) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, JE

Size: Max length 50.0 cm TL (male/unsexed); common length 35.0 cm TL (male/unsexed)

Color: Head, body and fins of adults dark; body with elongated white spots that may disappear with growth

Dorsal spines (total): 3; dorsal soft rays (total): 23-25; anal spines: 0; anal soft rays: 20-22.

Dioecious, external fertilization, nesters, guarders. Distinct pairing.

Synonym (s)
Balistes rufus Gronow, 1854
(Junior synonym)
Balistes maculatus Bloch, 1786
(Senior synonym)
Balistes adspersus Tschudi, 1846
(Junior synonym)
Balistes americanus Gmelin, 1789
(Junior synonym)
Balistes angulosus Quoy & Gaimard, 1824
(Junior synonym)
Balistes azureus Lesson, 1831
(Junior synonym)
Balistes brevissimus Hollard, 1854
(Junior synonym)
Balistes longissimus Hollard, 1854
(Junior synonym)
Balistes longus Gronow, 1854
(Junior synonym)
Balistes macropterus Walbaum, 1792
(Junior synonym)
Balistes melanopterus Cope, 1871
(Junior synonym)
Balistes minimum Thiolliere, 1857
(Junior synonym)
Balistes munumum Montrouzier, 1857
(Junior synonym)
Balistes oculatus Gray, 1831
(Junior synonym)
Balistes senticosus Richardson, 1848
(Junior synonym)
Balistes um Montrouzier, 1857
(Junior synonym)
Canthidermis longirostris Tortonese, 1956
(Junior synonym)
Canthidermis maculatus (Bloch, 1786)
(Senior synonym)
Canthidermis senticosus (Richardson, 1848)
(Junior synonym)
Canthidermis viola Herre, 1926
(Junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
Reported to cause ciguatera poisoning)

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Benthic crustaceans, molluscs, worms and fishes


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands (Lat: 7) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Devi, K and Rao, DV (2003) Poisonous and venomous fishes of Andaman Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 211 Records of The Zoolgical Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 25934 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Kuo, RS and Shao, KT (1999) Species composition of fish in the coastal zones of the Tsengwen estuary, with descriptions of five new records from Taiwan Zoological Studies 38(4) 391-404 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -

Page last updated on:2010-05-07

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