Montipora caliculata   Dana  1846 (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Hexacorallia
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Acroporidae

Description
Color: Brown or blue

Colonies are massive. Corallites are a mixture of immersed and foveolate (funnel shaped), the latter usually having wavy rims. Individual corallites typically have all or part of their wall missing so that adjacent corallites form short valleys. Parts of walls that remain may be tuberculae-like.

Similar species: Montipora venosa, which has larger and more clearly funnel-shaped corallites


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Pore Coral (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Aquarium)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Plankton
Predator:  Gastropod (Magilopsis) and flatworm (Prosthiostomum)
IUCN Status:  Vulnerable

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Flores INDONESIA
• Bali INDONESIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2002) Andaman and Nicobar Islands biodiversity strategy and action plan (Version: 3)
  • Cairns, DS; Hoeksema, WB and Derland, JV (1999) List of extant stony corals Atoll Research Bulletin National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C, U. S. A 459 13-46 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Fenner, D (2001) Reef Corals of Banggi Area Reefs, Sabah, Malaysia
  • Wafar, MVM and Wafar, S (2001) 101 questions on corals: Towards awareness National Institute of Oceanography, Goa and Administration of the U.T. of Lakshadweep 81 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Reeflex Available at - http://www.reeflex.net/
  • Carpenter, KE; Abrar, M; Aeby, G; Aronson, RB; Banks, S et al. (2008) One third of reef building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts Science American Association for the Advancement of Science 321 125-126 Available at - http://sci.odu.edu/gmsa/about/Carpenter_corals_supplimental.pdf
  • Reefkeeping- An online magazine for the marine aquarist Available at - http://reefkeeping.com/index.htm
  • Veron, JEN (2000) Corals of the world Australian Institute of Marine Science, Australia 1 463 pp Available at - NIO, Goa


Back to Search