Pardachirus pavoninus   (Lacepede,  1802) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Pleuronectiformes
Family:Soleidae

Image copyrights: Murdy, E.O./Ferraris, C.J., Jr.

Description
Size: 20-25 cm TL.

Color: Reddish brown in color, densely spotted on head, body and fins of ocular surface also with spots of various sizes and shapes, bordered by a dark rim and some with a blackish spot on center.

Height 2.1-2.3, 2.3-2.8 in length with caudal. Head 3.9-4.7, 4.6-5.4 in length with caudal. Eye 6-8, the upper one slightly in advance of lower one and one and a half its diameter from frontborder of snout. Interorbital space scarcely concave, less than one eyediameter. Corner of mouth just before or somewhat beneath frontborder of eye. Posterior rays of dorsal and anal longer than the rest, the last 5 rays however rapidly decreasing in size, the outline of these fins being therefore truncate behind. Right ventral equal to postorbital part of head, longest ray of left ventral somewhat shorter. Eyes are on right side. Dorsal and anal fins separate from caudal fin, pectoral fins are absent, pelvic fins are unequal, the right one with an elongated base and attached posteriorly to genital papilla. Series of toxic glands along the bases of dorsal- and anal-fin rays, their pores visible. Dorsal spines (total): 0 - 0, Dorsal soft rays (total): 62 - 73, Anal spines: 0, Anal soft rays: 48 - 55.

Swimming type-movements of body and/or caudal fin. Swimming mode-anguilliform.

Venomous, extract from sac under the skin is toxic and the mucus appears to have shark-repellent qualities.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Achirus pavoninus Lacepede, 1802
Paradachirus pavonimus Lacepede, 1802
Pardachirus parvonimus Lacepede, 1802
Pardachirus povaninus Lacepede, 1802
Achirus maculatus Bleeker, 1845
Achirus pavoninus Cantor, 1850
Achirus marmoratus Ruppell, 1852
Achirus pavoninus Bleeker, 1852
Pardachirus pavoninus Gunther, 1862
Achirus pavoninus Bleeker, 1872
Solea (Pardachirus) pavonina Steindachner, 1870
Pardachirus pavoninus Macleay, 1881
Achirus pavoninus Day, 1888
Pardachirus pavoninus Gunther, 1909
Pardachirus pavoninus Kendall and Goldsborough, 1911
Pardachirus pavoninus Ogilby, 1916
Pardachirus pavoninus Fowler and Bean, 1922
Pardachirus pavoninus Norman, 1926
Paradachirus pavonimus (Lacepede, 1802)
(Misspelling)
Pardachirus parvonimus (Lacepede, 1802)
(Misspelling)
Pardachirus povaninus (Lacepede, 1802)
(Misspelling)
Pordachirus pavorinus (Lacepede, 1802)
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Peacock Sole (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Feeds mainly on benthic invertebrates, especially small crustaceans

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 92.75) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Ocean Biogeographic Information System Available at - http://www.iobis.org/
  • Hutomo, M and Martosewojo, S (1977) The fishes of seagrass community on the west side of Burung island (Pari Islands, Seribu Islands) and their variations in abundance Marine Research in Indonesia 17 147-172 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1929) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago E. J. Brill Ltd. 5 458 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 FAO, Rome 4 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/e9163e/e9163e00.htm
  • Varghese, M; Manisseri, MK; Ramamurthy, N; Geetha, PM; Thomas, VJ and Gandhi, A (2011) Coral reef fishes of Gulf of Mannar, S.E of India Fishing Chimes CMFRI 31(1) 38-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-08-16

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