Parapercis xanthozona   (Bleeker)  1849 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Pinguipedidae

Image copyrights: H. Kodato

Description
Size: 18-23 cm.

Color: In preserved specimens brownish red, belly lighter. A white longitudinal band from axil of pectorals to middle of base of caudal, and continued to the end of that fin. About nine indistinct dark cross bars on body and tail, interrupted by the white longitudinal band. Head with indistinct dark markings. Fins whitish, spinous part of dorsal with a dark brown blotch at its base between the first to third spines. Soft part of dorsal with about 2-3, anal with a single longitudinal row of dark spots. Caudal with transverse rows of similar spots. Pectorals and ventrals without markings.

Height 6.1, 7 in length with caudal. Head 3.6, 4.1 in length with caudal. Eye 4.1, 1.5 in snout. Inter orbital space 2.5 in eye. Mouth somewhat oblique, lower jaw projecting. Lips thick. Maxillary reaching to below anterior border of eye. A villi form band of teeth in the jaws, tapering posteriorly, where the teeth are larger. Some curved caninoids in front of this band in both jaws. An elongate patch of rather large, rounded, granular teeth on vomer. No teeth on palatines. Anterior nostril with a short posterior flap. Scales ctenoid, those on head and before dorsal cycloid. On cheeks about 15 transverse rows of smaller somewhat elongate scales, leaving a posterior and an inferior limb naked. Opercle with a strong spine. First dorsal spine as long half eye, following increasing gradually in length to the fourth, which equals eye in length. Fifth spine much shorter than fourth, about as long as first. First dorsal ray about as long as post orbital part of head, median rays longest, equal to snout, last ray as long as eye. Origin of anal below 7th dorsal ray, its end below that of dorsal. Anal similar to soft dorsal in depth. Pectorals equal to head without snout. Ventrals pointed, the fourth ray longest, somewhat longer than pectorals, their base well in advance of that of pectorals. Caudal slightly rounded. Body has a white mid-lateral stripe from the upper pectoral base to the tail. Males have narrow diagonal lines on the cheek. Fine spotting over the back. Scales on back above white stripe with dark edges, many with outer half dark brown. An orange-yellow bar at base of pectoral fins. Dorsal spines (total): 5 - 5, Dorsal soft rays (total): 21 - 21, Anal spines: 1, Anal soft rays: 17-18.


Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Percis xanthozona Bleeker 1849
Percis xanthozona Gunther 1860
Percis xanthozona Playfair 1866
Percis pleurostigma Sauvage 1890
Percis xanthozona Steindachner 1901
Parapercis atromaculata Fowler 1904
Parapercis hexophthalmus Jordan and Seale 1907
Parapercis xanthozona Fowler 1928
Parapercis (Chilias) xanthozona McCulloch 1929
Parapercis dorsonebulosa Martin and Montalban 1935

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Aquarium)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Devi, K and Rajan, PT (1991) Further new records of fishes from Andaman Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association 7(2) 97-100 Available at - NCL, Pune (ASFA Records)
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Beaufort, LF and Chapman, WM (1951) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 9 484 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • FishPix Available at - http://fishpix.kahaku.go.jp/fishimage-e/index.html

Page last updated on:2009-11-09

Back to Search