Scarus ghobban   Forsskal,  1775 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Scaridae

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Description
Size: Max length 90.0 cm TL (male/unsexed); common length 30.0 cm TL (male/unsexed).

Color: Very light orange to yellowish, marked with bright blue spots in center of scales, these blue-spotted scales arranged to form 5 bars that are 2 or 3 scales wide; a blue cross band on lips, a curved blue streak from angle of mouth to below eye. Base and outer margins of dorsal and anal fins blue edged.

Depth 2.9 in standard length, 3.7 in total length. Head 3.0 in standard length, 3.7 in total length. Eye 5.9, 2.5 in snout. Lateral body shape is elongated. Lips covering 0.5 to 0.8 of dental plates. Small initial-phase fish without canine teeth posteriorly on one side of dental plates; large initial phase and terminal phase fish with 1 to 3 canines on upper dental plate, none on lower. Posterior nostril oval and large, 2 to 5 times larger than anterior. Median predorsal scales nearly always 6; usually 3 rows of cheek scales. Pectoral fin with 15 or 16 rays.

Protogynous, external fertilization. Sex change occurs at 29.0 cm TL and 7 years of age.

Max. reported age: 13 years.


Synonym (s)
Callyodon ghobban Jones & Kumaran, 1980
Scarus ghobban Forsskal, 1775
Pseudoscarus ghobban Day, 1877
Pseudoscarus ghobban Day, 1889
Callyodon apridentatus Smith, 1956
(Junior synonym)
Callyodon dussumieri (Valenciennes, 1840)
(Junior synonym)
Callyodon fuscocuneus Fowler, 1935
(Junior synonym)
Callyodon ghobban (Forsskal, 1775)
(Senior synonym)
Callyodon guttatus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
(Junior synonym)
Callyodon speigleri Smith, 1956
(Junior synonym)
Hemistoma reticulata Swainson, 1839
(Junior synonym)
Pseudoscarus californiensis Pellegrin, 1901
(Junior synonym)
Pseudoscarus cantori Bleeker, 1861
(Junior synonym)
Pseudoscarus flavipinnis De Vis, 1885
(Junior synonym)
Pseudoscarus garretti Gunther, 1909
(Junior synonym)
Pseudoscarus natalensis Gilchrist & Thompson, 1909
(Junior synonym)
Pseudoscarus nudirostris Alleyne & Macleay, 1877
(Junior synonym)
Pseudoscarus papuensis Macleay, 1883
(Ambiguous synonym)
Scarus azureus Meek & Hildebrand, 1928
(Junior synonym)
Scarus dussumieri Valenciennes, 1840
(Junior synonym)
Scarus fehlmanni Schultz, 1969
(Junior synonym)
Scarus ghobban Forsskal, 1775
(Senior synonym)
Scarus guttatus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
(Junior synonym)
Scarus haridoides Bleeker, 1855
(Junior synonym)
Scarus lacerta Valenciennes, 1840
(Junior synonym)
Scarus maculosus Lacepede, 1802
(Junior synonym)
Scarus magrathii Bennett, 1841
(Junior synonym)
Scarus noyesi Heller & Snodgrass, 1903
(Junior synonym)
Scarus pepo Bennett, 1830
(Junior synonym)
Scarus pyrrostethus Richardson, 1846
(Junior synonym)
Scarus pyrrostethus australianus Paradice, 1927
(Junior synonym)
Scarus scabriusculus Valenciennes, 1840
(Junior synonym)
Scarus toshi Whitley, 1933
(Junior synonym)
Scarus ghoban Forsskal, 1775
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Blue Barred Parrotfish (English)
• Yellowscale Parrotfish (English)
• Flame Parrotfish (English)
• Kalimeen (Tamil)
• Landae (Mahl)
• Chandi (Malayalam)
• Parrot Fish
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, aquarium, marketed fresh or frozen, ornamental fish)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Demersal
Trophic Level:  Primary Consumer
Prey:  Benthic algae/weeds, sandstone reefs and other plants
Predator:  Plectropomus leopardus

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• MYANMAR
• Persian Gulf
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair INDIA
• Lakshadweep Islands INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Devi, K and Rao, DV (2003) Poisonous and venomous fishes of Andaman Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 211 Records of The Zoolgical Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 25934 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • James, C; O'Farrell, S; Hamylton, S; Ingwersen, C and Walker, R The coral reef resources of Mu Ko Surin national park, Thailand Coral Cay Conservation Available at - www.coralcay.org
  • Rouphael, T; Turak, E and Jon, B Seagrasses and mangroves of Yemen's Red Sea 41-89
  • Hutomo, M and Martosewojo, S (1977) The fishes of seagrass community on the west side of Burung island (Pari Islands, Seribu Islands) and their variations in abundance Marine Research in Indonesia 17 147-172 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Barman, RP and Mishra, SS (2005) Studies on the reef dwelling fishes of India, parrotfishes (Family Scaridae) ZSI, Kolkata 63 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/ index/
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Grandcourt Edwin Mark (2002) Demographic characteristics of a selection of exploited reef fish from the Seychelles: Preliminary study Marine and Freshwater Research 53(2) 123-130 Available at - Zoological Records
  • (2004) AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation University of California at Berkeley, USA Available at - http://www.amphibiaweb.org/
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Al-Abdessalaam, TZS (1995) Marine species of the Sultanate of Oman p 412 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, GC; Rao, DV and Devi, K (1994) A faunal exploration of the North Reef Island sanctuary, North Andaman Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 10(1&2) 68-81 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (1993) Further new records of fishes from Bay Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 9(1&2) 50-57 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (2002) Marine ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 72 1-134 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/3536/1/Special_Publication_No_72.pdf
  • Varghese, M; Manisseri, MK; Ramamurthy, N; Geetha, PM; Thomas, VJ and Gandhi, A (2011) Coral reef fishes of Gulf of Mannar, S.E of India Fishing Chimes CMFRI 31(1) 38-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ghosh, S; Ganeshamurthy, R; Balamurugan, J and Kumar, TTA (2011) Reef fishing- An off season amusement at Lakshadweep Fishing chimes 31(1) 128-130 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Reef Fishes Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-09

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