Halichoeres melanurus   (Bleeker,  1851) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 11-12 cm.

Color: Stripes on male body blue-green and orangish in life, becoming salmon pink and green anteriorly; a dark spot behind eye contained within a brown band that bifurcates posteriorly. Females with a small black spot on 1st interspinous membrane of dorsal fin, another between 2nd-3rd soft rays; a spot at the upper base of caudal fin.

Height 3.1-3.7, 4-4.5 in length with caudal. Head 3.2, 4-4.2 in length with caudal. Height of head 1.2 in its length. Eye 4.6-5.5, 1.5-1.8 in snout and 1.1-1.4 in somewhat convex inter orbital space. Mouth small, slightly oblique. Tip of snout slightly below level of lower margin of eye. Maxillary almost reaching to below anterior nostril. A single row of pointed teeth in the jaws, increasing in length anteriorly, the anterior ones moderate canines. A strong canine at corner of mouth. Head naked, excepting above, where scales begin above hinder part of eye. about 11-12 rows of small scales before dorsal. Similar small scales on thorax between isthmus, base of pectorals and ventrals. Dorsal spines feeble but stiff and pungent, first equal to eye, second diverging from first, last spine equal to snout. Soft dorsal somewhat higher than spinous part, the longest ray half diameter of eye than longest spine. Dorsal pointed. First anal spine minute, third longest, somewhat longer than eye. Soft anal similar to soft dorsal. Pectorals about as long as head without snout. Ventrals with the first ray produced slightly shorter than head. Caudal rounded. Anterior lateral line scales with 1-4 pores (usually 2). Pelvic fins of males reaching to or beyond the anus.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Julis (Halichoeres) melanurus Bleeker, 1851
Halichoeres chrysotaenia (Bleeker, 1853
Platyglossus melanurus Bleeker, 1862
Platyglossus melanurus Gunther, 1909
Halichoeres melanurus Fowler and Bean, 1928
Halichoeres hoeveni (Bleeker, 1851)
Halichoeres hoevenii (Bleeker, 1851)
Julis chrysotaenia Bleeker, 1853
Julis hoevenii Bleeker, 1851
Julis melanurus Bleeker, 1851
Platyglossus melanurus (Bleeker, 1851)

Common Name (s)
• Tail-spot wrasse (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Reef Associated,Rocky
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Small invertebrates such as polychaetes, copepods, isopods and forams


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (1992) Some new records of wrasses ( Family: Labridae) from A&N Islands Journal of the Andaman science association Andaman science association, Port Blair 8(1) 43-46 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-05-10

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