Polynemus melanochir   Valenciennes,  1831 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: CSIRO

Size: 17-25 cm.

Color: In alcohol specimens golden, brownish above. Pectorals usually black.

Height 2.9-3, 4.1 in length with caudal. Head 3.4-3.5, 4.5-4.9 in length with caudal. Eyes 3.9-4.1, 2.3-2.6 in postorbital part of head, and scarcely less than the interorbital space. Snout much shorter than eye. Mouth large, reaching far behind eye. Maxillaries scaly, 1.6-1.8 in head. Head covered with scales to end of snout. Nostrils close together, about half way between tip of snout and eye. Praeoperculum rather coarsely serrated in small specimens, less so in larger ones, the inferior spine more or less longer and coarser than the others. Angle of praeoperculum somewhat rounded and produced. Upper lip absent, lower lip well developed but not continuous at symphysis. Rather narrow bands of teeth in jaws, on vomer and on palatines. Origin of dorsal between that of ventrals and pectorals. First dorsal spine of first dorsal minute, second one thick, stronger but shorter than third, somewhat shorter or longer than postorbital part of head. Origin of second dorsal slightly in advance of that of anal, its spine comparatively strong, 3/4 or somewhat more of second spine of first dorsal. Third anal spine rather strong, 2/3 of that of second dorsal. Caudal deeply forked, the lobes pointed. Pectorals much longer than head, reaching on anal or not so far. Middle pectoral filaments longest, reaching almost to tip of caudal. Ventrals equal to or longer than postorbital part of head. Distance between origin of ventrals and anal conspicuously less than length of head.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Polynemus melanochir Bleeker, 1849

Common Name (s)
• Blackhand paradise fish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Important food fish.)

Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Hiroyuki, M (2004) Annotated Checklists of Fishes: Family Polynemidae Rafinesque 1815 Annotated Checklists of Fishes 32 1-18 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Feltes, RM (1991) Revision of the polynemid fish genus Filimanus, with the description of two new species Copeia 1991(2) 302-322 Available at - ZOOR12900018196
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1922) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 4 410 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R and Nedumaran, T (2009) Ichthyofaunal diversity in great Nicobar biosphere reserve, Bay of Bengal Journal of Threatened Taxa Wildlife Information Liaison Development Society 1(3) 166-169 Available at - http://threatenedtaxa.org/ZooPrintJournal/2009/March/o198526iii09166-169.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-03-07

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