Amphiprion clarkii   (Bennett,  1830) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Pomacentridae

Image copyrights: Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Sultanate of Oman

Description
Size: 15.0 cm SL (male)

Color: Highly variable in color and several geographical and localized forms. Two white bands, one behind the eye and one above the anus. Caudal fin white, sometimes yellowish, but always lighter than rest of the body.

Dorsal spines (total): 10-10, Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-16, Anal spines: 2, Anal soft rays: 13-14.

Protandrous, benthic spawner, oviparous with elliptical eggs, monogamous, external fertilization, guarders of eggs, sex reversal completed in less than 5-6 months.

Max. reported age: 11 years

Associated with the anemones: Cryptodendrum adhaesivum, Entacmaea quadricolor, Heteractis aurora, Heteractis crispa, Heteractis magnifica, Heteractis malu, Macrodactyla doreensis, Stichodactyla gigantea, Stichodactyla haddoni, and Stichodactyla mertensii.

Has been reared in captivity.


Synonym (s)
Amphiprion boholensis Cartier, 1874
Amphiprion clarki (Bennett, 1830)
Amphiprion japonicus Temminck & Schlegel, 1843
Amphiprion melanostolus Richardson, 1842
Amphiprion papuensis Macleay, 1883
Amphiprion snyderi Ishikawa, 1904
Amphiprion xanthurus Cuvier, 1830
Anthias clarkii Bennett, 1830
Anthias clarkii Bennett, 1830
Sparus milii Bory de Saint-Vincen, 1831
Amphiprion boholensis Cartier, 1874
(Junior synonym)
Amphiprion japonicus Temminck & Schlegel, 1843
(Junior synonym)
Amphiprion melanostolus Richardson, 1842
(Junior synonym)
Amphiprion papuensis Macleay, 1883
(Junior synonym)
Amphiprion snyderi Ishikawa, 1904
(Junior synonym)
Amphiprion xanthurus Cuvier, 1830
(Junior synonym)
Anthias clarkii Bennett, 1830-32
(Senior synonym)
Sparus milii Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1831
(Junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Clarks Anemomefish (English)
• Yellowtailed Anemonefish (English)
• Clarks Clownfish (English)
• Sea Bee (English)
• Clarks Anemonefish (English)
• Clarckis Clown (English)
• Chocolate Clownfish (English)
• Brown Anemonefish (English)
• Black Clown (English)
• Yellowtail Clownfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, aquarium)
Cultured:  Unknown

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Plants, benthic algae/weeds, zooplankton, other planktonic invertebrates

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Ariel Bay INDIA (Record: 2000-2005)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Mohanpur INDIA (Record: 2000-2005)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Mayabunder INDIA (Record: 2000-2005)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bacon Bay INDIA (Record: 2000-2005)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Rangat Bay INDIA (Record: 2000-2005)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Bay INDIA (Record: 2000-2005)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chidiya Tapu INDIA (Record: 2000-2005)

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Ocean Biogeographic Information System Available at - http://www.iobis.org/
  • Rao, DV and Devi, K (2004) A pictorial guide to butterfly and anemone fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands 76 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Al-Abdessalaam, TZS (1995) Marine species of the Sultanate of Oman p 412 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Madhu, R and Madhu, K (2007) Occurrence of anemonefishes and host sea anemones in Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 49(2) 118-126 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2010-05-05

Back to Search