Acropora formosa   (Dana,  1846) (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Acroporidae

Description
Color: Usually cream, brown or blue, usually with pale branch ends.

This species forms extensive thickets like Acropora horrida, and can extend across many square metres of loose and sandy substrate. Branch surfaces are even and fairly regular. Radial corallites are not ragged; they are tubular and may occur in two sizes. Tentacles are not seen during the daytime. Colonies are arborescent, Radial corallites may be similar or varied in size. Radial corallites are tubular to immersed, with circular or oval openings. Branches are cylindrical and tapering.

Hermaphroditic, broadcast spawning


Synonym (s)
Acropora formosa (Dana) Pillai, 1986

Common Name (s)
• Staghorn Coral (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Natural threats
(Members of this genus have a low resistance and low tolerance to bleaching and disease, and are slow to recover)
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(Fisheries, human development (industry, settlement, tourism, and transportation), changes in native species dynamics (competitors, predators, pathogens and parasites), invasive species (competitors, predators, pathogens and parasites), dynamite fishing, chemical fishing, pollution from agriculture and industry, domestic pollution, sedimentation, and human recreation and tourism activities)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Predator:  Butterflyfishes (Chaetodon trifascialis and Chaetodon trifasciatus)

Biogeography


• Kerala, Vazhakala (Lat: 10.03) (Long: 76.28) INDIA
• Palk Bay (Lat: 9.5) (Long: 79.25) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin (Lat: 8.78) (Long: 78.13) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Koswari Island (Lat: 8.86) (Long: 78.21) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kariyachalli Island (Lat: 8.95) (Long: 78.23) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vaan Island (Lat: 8.83) (Long: 78.21) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai, Mulli INDIA (Record: 09/2004-06/2005)
• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai, Valimunai INDIA (Record: 09/2004-06/2005) (Depth: -(2-10) mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai, Anaipar INDIA (Record: 09/2004-06/2005)
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam, Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Manauli Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar, Hare Island INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kurusadai (Lat: 9.25) (Long: 79.01) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 14) (Long: 94) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 8.53) (Long: 92.5) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy (Lat: 8.28) (Long: 73) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA (Record: 1968-1969)
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Shingle Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pullivasal Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulli Island INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Atoll INDIA
• South India INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, South Andaman, Pongibalu INDIA
• INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Butler Bay (Lat: 10.75) (Long: 92.58) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Hut Bay (Lat: 10.63) (Long: 92.6) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Harmindar Bay (Lat: 10.75) (Long: 92.5) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Kalapathar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, New Islet Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island (Lat: 9.25) (Long: 79.2) INDIA (Record: 03/2005-05/2005)

Literature Source(s)
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Page last updated on:2013-04-26

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