Acropora cytherea   (Dana,  1846) (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Acroporidae

Image copyrights: Australian institute of Marine Sciences

Description
Color: Uniform pale cream, brown or blue

This species forms horizontal and falt tables, which are thin and finely structured. Branches show considerable anastomosing, so that the central portions of tables may become solid plates. Branchlets and elongated axial corallites turn upwards, vertically or at irregular angles, over the entire surface of the table. Polyps are frequently extended during the day.These are generally more individual and pronounced than in A. hyacinthus. Many branchlets also continue horizontally. The coenosteum is rough, with long cylindrical radial corallites. Branch tips may be very similar to those of A. pharaonis, but the 2 species are distinguishable by colony shape. This species is common in shallow water to about 20 m depth, but only in areas without strong wave action. It prefers well lit habitats, and is therefore often found in back reef conditions where there are reflective sandy patches. Colonies are flat table, upward projecting branchlets. Axial corallites are exert. Radial corallites are evenly sized, with elongate upward pointing lips.



Synonym (s)
Acropora corymbosa Lamarck, 1816
Madrepora cytherea Dana, 1846
Acropora cytherea Veron & Wallace, 1846
Acropora hyacinthus Pillai, 1986
Acropora reticulata (Brook, 1893)

Common Name (s)
• Table Coral (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Natural threats, Anthropogenic
(Protected under Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Plankton
Predator:  Butterflyfishes (Chaetodon trifascialis and Chaetodon trifasciatus)
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vaan Island (Lat: 8.83) (Long: 78.21) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kariyachalli Island (Lat: 8.95) (Long: 78.23) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai, Valai INDIA (Record: 09/2004-06/2005) (Depth: -(2-10) mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai, Mulli INDIA (Record: 09/2004-06/2005) (Depth: -(2-10) mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai, Valimunai INDIA (Record: 09/2004-06/2005) (Depth: -(2-10) mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island (Lat: 9.25) (Long: 79.2) INDIA (Record: 03/2005-05/2005)

Literature Source(s)
  • (2002) Andaman and Nicobar Islands biodiversity strategy and action plan (Version: 3)
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at - http://www.unep-wcmc.org/
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Checklist of fish and invertebrates listed in the CITES appendices and in EC regulation no. 338/97 Available at - http://www.ukcites.gov.uk/pdf_files/FishInvertebrates6.pdf
  • Ocean Biogeographic Information System Available at - http://www.iobis.org/
  • Mazlan, AG; Zaidi, CC; WanLotfi, WM and Othman, BHR (2005) On the current status of coastal marine biodiversity in Malaysia Indian Journal of Marine Sciences National Institute of Science Communication And Information Resources, CSIR, New Delhi, India, in association with Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi, INDIA 34(1) 76-87 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Cairns, DS; Hoeksema, WB and Derland, JV (1999) List of extant stony corals Atoll Research Bulletin National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C, U. S. A 459 13-46 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Chou, LM and Lim,TM (1986) A preliminary study of the coral community on artificial and natural substrates Malayan Nature Journal 39 (4) 225-229 Available at - Zoological Records
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Fenner, D; Clark, TH; Turner, JR and Chapman, B (2004) A checklist of the corals of the island state of Rodrigues, Mauritius Journal of Natural History 38 3091-3102 Available at - NCL
  • (1998) Marine crabs of India National Institute of Oceanography Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Venkataraman, K; Satyanarayana, CH; Alfred, JRB and Wolstenholme, J (2003) Handbook on hard corals of India ZSI, Kolkata 266 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Wafar, MVM and Wafar, S (2001) 101 questions on corals: Towards awareness National Institute of Oceanography, Goa and Administration of the U.T. of Lakshadweep 81 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Carpenter, KE; Abrar, M; Aeby, G; Aronson, RB; Banks, S et al. (2008) One third of reef building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts Science American Association for the Advancement of Science 321 125-126 Available at - http://sci.odu.edu/gmsa/about/Carpenter_corals_supplimental.pdf
  • Australian Institute of Marine Science Available at - http://www.aims.gov.au/
  • Graham, NAJ (2007) Ecological versatility and the decline of coral feeding fishes following climate driven coral mortality Marine Biology Springer Berlin / Heidelberg 153(2) 119-127 Available at - http://www.springerlink.com/content/9603851204hwv725/fulltext.pdf
  • Edward, JKP; Patterson, J; Venkatesh M; Mathews, G; Chellaram, C and Wilhelmsson D (2004) A field guide to stony corals (Scleractinia) of Tuticorin in Gulf of Mannar, southeast coast of India SDMRI special research publication no. 4 SDMRI, Tuticorin, India 80 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sukumaran, S; George, RM and Kasinathan, C (2008) Community structure and spatial patterns of hard coral biodiversity in Kilakarai group of islands in Gulf of Mannar, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 50(1) 79-86 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972
  • Raj, KD and Edward, JKP (2009) Observations on the reproduction of Acropora corals along the Tuticorin coast of the Gulf of Mannar,Southeastern India Indian Journal of Marine Sciences NISCAIR 39(2) 219-226 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Raghuram, KP and Venkataraman, K (2005) Staghorn corals of Gulf of Mannar Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 25-35 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • Sukumaran, S; George, RM; Vinod, K; Sobhana, KS; Naomi, TS and Manisseri, MK (2011) Temporal patterns in biodiversity and health status of reef corals of Palk Bay Indian journal of fisheries CMFRI 58(1) 73-77 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sukumaran, S; George, RM and Kasinathan, C (2007) Biodiversity and community structure of coral reefs around Krusadai Island, Gulf of Mannar, India Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 54(3) 275-282 Available at - http://epubs.icar.org.in/ejournal/index.php/IJF/article/view/6940/2673

Page last updated on:2012-02-10

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