Acropora aspera   (Dana,  1845) (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Acroporidae

Image copyrights: Australian Institute of Marine Science

Description
Color: Commonly pale blue-grey, green or cream; less commonly bright blue.

Colonies are subcorymbose with short thick branches. Redial corallites are of two sizes, are crowded and have prominent lower lips giving a scale-like appearance (Source: Worms)

Hermaphroditic, broadcast spawning.

Similar species: Acropora millepora is readily distinguished from Acropora aspera by having all radial corallites of the same size. Acropora pulchra is similar, but corallites are much smaller.


Synonym (s)
Madrepora aspera Dana, 1846

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Natural threats
(Members of this genus have a low resistance and low tolerance to bleaching and disease, and are slow to recover)
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(Fisheries, human development (industry, settlement, tourism, and transportation), changes in native species dynamics (competitors, predators, pathogens and parasites), invasive species (competitors, predators, pathogens and parasites), dynamite fishing, chemical fishing, pollution from agriculture and industry, domestic pollution, sedimentation, and human recreation and tourism activities)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Shrimp, plankton, squid
Predator:  Butterflyfishes (Chaetodon trifascialis and Chaetodon trifasciatus)
IUCN Status:  Vulnerable

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bangaram INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, South Andaman, Pongibalu INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2002) Andaman and Nicobar Islands biodiversity strategy and action plan (Version: 3)
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at - http://www.unep-wcmc.org/
  • Mazlan, AG; Zaidi, CC; WanLotfi, WM and Othman, BHR (2005) On the current status of coastal marine biodiversity in Malaysia Indian Journal of Marine Sciences National Institute of Science Communication And Information Resources, CSIR, New Delhi, India, in association with Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi, INDIA 34(1) 76-87 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Cairns, DS; Hoeksema, WB and Derland, JV (1999) List of extant stony corals Atoll Research Bulletin National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C, U. S. A 459 13-46 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Venkataraman, K; Satyanarayana, CH; Alfred, JRB and Wolstenholme, J (2003) Handbook on hard corals of India ZSI, Kolkata 266 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Advanced Aquarist Available at - http://www.advancedaquarist.com/
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Wafar, MVM and Wafar, S (2001) 101 questions on corals: Towards awareness National Institute of Oceanography, Goa and Administration of the U.T. of Lakshadweep 81 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Carpenter, KE; Abrar, M; Aeby, G; Aronson, RB; Banks, S et al. (2008) One third of reef building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts Science American Association for the Advancement of Science 321 125-126 Available at - http://sci.odu.edu/gmsa/about/Carpenter_corals_supplimental.pdf
  • Aquariums life Available at - http://www.aquariumslife.com/
  • Australian Institute of Marine Science Available at - http://www.aims.gov.au/
  • Graham, NAJ (2007) Ecological versatility and the decline of coral feeding fishes following climate driven coral mortality Marine Biology Springer Berlin / Heidelberg 153(2) 119-127 Available at - http://www.springerlink.com/content/9603851204hwv725/fulltext.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Pillai, CSG and Jasmine, S. (1989) The fauna of Lakshadweep Bulletin of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute No.43 179-194 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972
  • James, PSBR; Gopinadha, CS; Thomas, PA; James, DB and Koya, S (1989) Environmental damage and consequences Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 43 212-227 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2655/1/Article_22.pdf
  • Pillai, CSG and Jasmine, S (1989) The coral fauna of Lakshadweep Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 179-195 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Corals of the World online Available at - http://coral.aims.gov.au/

Page last updated on:2013-04-23

Back to Search