Pocillopora damicornis   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Pocilloporidae

Image copyrights: Eva DiDonato

Description
Color: Pale brown, greenish or pink

Verrucae and branches intergrade. Branches may be fine and widely separated (in calm environments) to very compact (on upper reef slopes). Colonies are branched, usually less than 30 cm tall. It has thinner branches and less regular verrucae. While small, regular verrucae exist, most of the protuberances are irregular and, are often not true verrucae at all but are more like incipient branches.

Hermaphroditic, brooder


Synonym (s)
Pocillopora diomedeae Vaughan, 1906
Pocillopora lacera Verrill, 1869
Millipora damicornis Linnaeus, 1758
Pocillopora acuta Lamarck, 1816
Pocillopora brevicornis Lamarck, 1816
Pocillopora caespitosa Dana, 1846
Pocillopora bulbosa Ehrenberg, 1834

Common Name (s)
• Cauliflower Coral (English)
• Lace Coral (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
(Localized threats to corals include fisheries, human development (industry, settlement, tourism, and transportation), changes in native species dynamics (competitors, predators, pathogens and parasites), invasive species (competitors, predators, pathogens and parasites), dynamite fishing, chemical fishing, pollution from agriculture and industry, domestic pollution, sedimentation, and human recreation and tourism activities. )

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Predator:  Labrichthys unilineatus (An obligate coral feeding fish)
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Palk Bay (Lat: 9.5) (Long: 79.25) INDIA
• Red Sea
• Tamil Nadu, Koswari Island (Lat: 8.86) (Long: 78.21) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kariyachalli Island (Lat: 8.95) (Long: 78.23) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai, Valai INDIA (Record: 09/2004-06/2005) (Depth: 2-10 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai, Mulli INDIA (Record: 09/2004-06/2005) (Depth: 2-10 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai, Appa INDIA (Record: 09/2004-06/2005) (Depth: 2-10 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai, Valimunai INDIA (Record: 09/2004-06/2005) (Depth: 2-10 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulli Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Manauli Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Hare Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam, Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA
• Kerala, Enayam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 14) (Long: 94) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 8.53) (Long: 92.5) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy (Lat: 8.28) (Long: 73) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA (Record: 1968-1969)
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Shingle Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pullivasal Island INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Atoll INDIA
• South India INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, South Andaman, Pongibalu INDIA
• INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Dugong Creek (Lat: 10.81) (Long: 93.06) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands,Ram Krishna Pur Beach (Lat: 10.71) (Long: 92.6) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Butler Bay (Lat: 10.67) (Long: 92.58) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Kalapathar (Lat: 10.66) (Long: 92.56) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Harmindar Bay (Lat: 10.53) (Long: 92.53) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Light House (Lat: 10.52) (Long: 92.50) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, New Islet Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island (Lat: 9.25) (Long: 79.2) INDIA (Record: 03/2005-05/2005)

Literature Source(s)
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