Parupeneus macronema   (Lacepede,  1801) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Sultanate of Oman

Size: 30-40 cm.

Color: In alcohol specimens grayish or brown above, yellow below, a broad black band from snout through eye to below end of second dorsal, followed by a round black spot on caudal peduncle (Weber and Beaufort, 1931).
Body gray to grayish red dorsally, whitish to pink ventrally, with a black stripe from eye along lateral line to anterior part of caudal peduncle. A roundish black spot larger than eye is present on side of peduncle about two-thirds above lateral line. A broad white zone extending anterior to peduncular spot to below posterior part of second dorsal fin. A vertical pale blue line or spot often present on scales below black stripe, a dusky band often present on snout from eye to side of upper lip, barbels white. First dorsal and caudal fins are reddish gray, basal one-third to one-half of second dorsal fin is black, the dark pigment continuing to end of last ray and adjacent membrane. Outer part of fin is with narrow pale blue and yellow stripes, anal fin is dusky yellow with faint narrow pale blue stripes. Pale area at end of black stripe and dusky basal stripe in second dorsal fin distinguished it from the similar Parupeneus barberinus.

Oblong-elongate, compressed, both profiles nearly evenly convex, height below origin of first dorsal 3.20 to 3.50 in length, head 3 to 3.3, its rostro-frontal profile nearly straight. Eye 4.2 to nearly 5 in head, about twice nearer to hind margin of operculum than to end of snout, situated near interorbital space which is slightly convex and somewhat broader than diameter of eye. Snout blunt, about twice longer than eye. Mouth almost horizontal, mandibula enclosed in broad intermaxillary. Maxilla rounded behind and as broad as diameter of eye and about half that diameter distant from front border of eye. Barbels extending to hind border of operculum or nearly so, operculum with a small spine. Gillrakers 24 on lower part of first branchial arch. Scales large, ctenoid, covering head till nostrils, wanting on praeorbital. First spine of spinous dorsal minute, second strong and ridged, one third or nearly half length of third and fourth spine, which are subequal and go about 1.5 times in length of head. Second dorsal and anal equally high, 2.5 in head, anal slightly shorter than second dorsal, distance of last from first dorsal nearly half length of base of that fin. Both fins are truncate, the longest, sometimes reaching to caudal. Pectorals shorter than head and somewhat shorter than ventrals. Caudal about as long as head. Dorsal spines (total): 8 - 8, Dorsal soft rays (total): 9 - 9, Anal spines: 1, Anal soft rays: 7.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Mullus macronema Lacepede, 1801
Parupeneus macronemus Munro, 1955
Pseudupeneus macronema Smith, 1949
Upeneus macronemus Day, 1878
Upeneus lateristriga Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1829
Upeneus lateristriga Ruppell, 1840
Upaeneus lateristriata Valenciennes, 1836
Upeneus lateristriga Bleeker, 1854
Upeneus lateristriga Peters, 1885
Upeneus macronema Gunther, 1859
Upeneus macronema Bleeker, 1859
Mullus micronemus Playfair and Gunther, 1866
Upeneus macronemus Klunzinger, 1870
Parupeneus macronema Klunzinger, 1884
Upeneus macronemus Sauvage, 1891
Parupeneus macronema Pfeffer, 1893
Parupeneus macronema Steindachner, 1902
Parupeneus macronema Barnard, 1927
Upeneus macronemus Fowler, 1928

Common Name (s)
• Longbarbel Goatfish (English)
• Banddot Goatfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, aquarium, bait fish)

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Feeds mainly on crustaceans and worms


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Atoll (Lat: 8) (Long: 71) INDIA
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 11) (Long: 72.5) INDIA
• Comoros Islands
• Red Sea
• Gulf of Aden
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll (Lat: 10.55) (Long: 72.63) INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - index/
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Kemp, JM (1998) Zoogeography of the coral reef fishes of the Socotra Archipelago Journal of Biogeography 25 919-933
  • Pillai, CSG; Gopakumar, G and Mohan, M (1991) Ichthyofauna of the intertidal reef flats of Minicoy atoll, Lakshadweep An analysis of its structure, relative abundance and food Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The marine Biological Association of India 34 74-83 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Mark, SD and Jarvis, GE (2002) The impact of the 1998 coral mortality on reef fish communities in the Seychelles Marine Pollution Bulletin 44 309-321 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Mehdi, A; Yves, L; Michel, P and Salvat, B (1998) Factors influencing spatial distribution of fish communities an a fringing reef at Mauritius, S.W. Indian Ocean Environmental Biology of Fishes Kluwer Academic Publishers 53 169-182 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Garpe, KC and Ohman, MC (2003) Coral and fish distribution patterns in Mafia Island marine park Tanzania fish habitat interactions Hydrobiologia Kluwer Academic Publishers 498 191-211 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Al-Abdessalaam, TZS (1995) Marine species of the Sultanate of Oman p 412 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2003) Habitat distribution and species diversity of coral reef fishes in the reefslope of the Kavaratti atoll, Lakshadweep, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 45(1) 88-98 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1931) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 6 448 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 3 Available at -
  • Silas, EG and Pillai, PP (1982) Bait fishes Resources of tunas and related species and their fisheries in the Indian Ocean, CMFRI Bulletin, 32 CMFRI 32 136-140 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-12-01

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