Parupeneus cyclostomus   (Lacepede,  1801) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 35-50 cm.

Max. weight reported: 2,265 gm

Color: Color of large adults are yellowish gray, the edges of the scales are bright blue except ventrally, the edges more broadly blue posteriorly. A large, hemispherical, saddle-like, yellow spot covering most of upper half of caudal peduncle, region around eye yellow with radiating short narrow blue bands. Caudal fin is with longitudinal blue bands, second dorsal and anal fins with narrow oblique blue bands, a second smaller color phase entirely yellow, the dorsal peduncular spot sometimes apparent by being brighter yellow than rest of body.

Elongated, somewhat compressed, dorsal profile more convex than ventral. Height below origin of first dorsal 3.6 -3.7 in length. Head 3.1 long, pointed, its rostro-dorsal profile slightly arched till first dorsal, nearly straight till occiput, somewhat concave between snout and eye. Eye 5.3 to 6.6 in length of head, situated in hinder part of head, about twice its diameter distant from hind margin of operculum and nearly thrice its diameter distant from vertical through end of snout, shorter than somewhat convex inter orbital space. Maxillary terminating almost one eye-diameter from vertical through front border of eye, its hind border rounded and about as broad as diameter of eye. its hind border rounded and about as broad as diameter of eye. mandibula enclosed, lip thick. Nostrils far distant, separated by a distance of about one and a half diameter of eye. Gillrakers 19 to 21, the last three or four rudimentary. Operculum with a small flat spine. Barbels not rigid, reaching base of ventrals or nearly so. Scales large, ctenoid reaching nearly anterior nostrils, wanting on praeorbital, sensory tubes arborescent. First dorsal much higher than second, anteriorly elevated, the first spine minute, second slightly shorter than third and fourth, which are subequal, the longest, and encreasing in size with age (or sex), 1.6 to 1.8 in length of head. Second dorsal and anal slightly emarginate, the last ray somewhat prominent, almost sub equal, their height 2.5 to 2.8 in length of head. Pectorals almost 1.6 in head, shorter than ventrals. Caudal much shorter than head. Least height of caudal peduncle almost half of its total length. Dorsal spines (total): 8 - 8, Dorsal soft rays (total): 9 - 9, Anal spines: 1, Anal soft rays: 7.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Mullus cyclostomus Lacepede, 1801
Mullus chryserydros Lacepede, 1801
(Junior synonym)
Mullus cyclostomus Lacepede, 1801
(Senior synonym)
Mullus microps Bliss, 1883
(Junior synonym)
Mullus radiatus Shaw, 1803
(Junior synonym)
Parupeneus chryserydros (Lacepede, 1801)
(Junior synonym)
Parupeneus luteus (Valenciennes, 1831)
(Junior synonym)
Parupeneus xanthospilurus Bleeker, 1875
(Junior synonym)
Pseudupeneus aurantiacus Seale, 1906
(Junior synonym)
Pseudupeneus cyclostomus (Lacepede, 1801)
(Senior synonym)
Upeneus chryserythrus Gunther, 1873
(Junior synonym)
Upeneus immaculatus Bennett, 1831
(Junior synonym)
Upeneus luteus Valenciennes, 1831
(Junior synonym)
Upeneus oxycephalus Bleeker, 1856
(Junior synonym)
Upeneus saffordi Seale, 1901
(Junior synonym)
Sciaena ciliata Lacepede, 1802
Upeneus chryserydros Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1829
Upeneus chryserydros Bleeker, 1853
Upeneus oxycephalus Gunther, 1859
Parupeneus oxycephalus Bleeker, 1865
Mullus oxycephalus Playfair and Gunther, 1866
Parupeneus cherserydros Bleeker, 1878
Upeneus cherserydros Macleay, 1882
Upeneus filamentosus Macleay, 1883
Parupeneus chryserythrus Klunzinger, 1884
Upeneus chryserydros Sauvage, 1891
Parupeneus cyclostomus Steindachner, 1900
Pseudupeneus chryserydros Jenkins, 1904
Pseudupeneus chryserydros Jordan and Evermann, 1905
Pseudupeneus chryserydros Jordan and Seale, 1906
Upeneus chryserydros Jordan and Richardson, 1908
Parupeneus chryserydros M. Weber, 1913
Upeneus chryserydros Herre and Montalban, 1928
Upenens chryserydros Fowler, 1928
Parapeneus luteus (Valenciennes, 1831)
Parupenaeus cyclostomus (Lacepede, 1801)
Parupeneus lutues (Valenciennes, 1831)
Psedupeneus cyclostomus (Lacepede, 1801)

Common Name (s)
• Goldsaddle Goatfish (English)
• Yellowsaddle Goatfish (English)
• Manjalmanakkam (Malayalam)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Fisheries, gamefish, aquarium.
The fish is reported to cause ciguatera poisoning.)

Habitat:  Bentho Pelagic, Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Small fishes, crustaceans, peanut worms, shrimps, crabs, octopi, and small gastropods during the day.
Predator:  Fishes (Caranx ignobilis, Caranx melampygus)


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.28) (Long: 73.03) INDIA
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 11) (Long: 72.5) INDIA
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 11) (Long: 72.5) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll (Lat: 10.55) (Long: 72.63) INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)
• Kerala INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • James, C; O'Farrell, S; Hamylton, S; Ingwersen, C and Walker, R The coral reef resources of Mu Ko Surin national park, Thailand Coral Cay Conservation Available at -
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - index/
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Kemp, JM (1998) Zoogeography of the coral reef fishes of the Socotra Archipelago Journal of Biogeography 25 919-933
  • Durville, P; Chabanet, P and Quod, JP (2003) Visual Census of the Reef Fishes in the Natural Reserve of the Glorieuses Islands (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean J. Mar. Sci. WIOMSA 2 95-104
  • Chabanet, P and Patrick, D (2005) Reef Fish Inventory of Juan De Novas Natural Park (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean Journal Marine Sciences 2005 WIOMSA 4 145-162
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2003) Habitat distribution and species diversity of coral reef fishes in the reefslope of the Kavaratti atoll, Lakshadweep, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 45(1) 88-98 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1931) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 6 448 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at -
  • Bijukumar, A and Deepthi, GR (2009) Mean trophic index of fish fauna associated with trawl bycatch of Kerala, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 51(2) 145 - 154 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Roy, SD; Rajan, PT and Soundararajan, S (2006) Marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fishing Chimes 25(10) 108-110 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-25

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