Parupeneus barberinus   (Lacepede,  1801) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Mullidae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: 30-60 cm.

Color: In alcohol specimens brownish, lighter or reddish below, a black longitudinal stripe from snout through eye to middle or last dorsal rays, a round or oval black spot near caudal, occupying the 26th, 27th and 28th scales of lateral line, head ornamented above and below eye with yellow, which easily fades (Weber and Beaufort, 1931).
Body is whitish with a dark brown to black stripe (red on fish in deeper water) from upper lip through eye to below posterior part of second dorsal fin or anteriorly on upper caudal peduncle. Body above is stripe yellow or yellowish gray, below whitish, the scale edges narrowly gray to brownish red. A black or red spot larger than eye at mid base of caudal fin, some large adults with centers of scales below dark stripe pale blue, the edges yellow or with yellow spots, especially posteriorly. Peritoneum is dark brown.

Oblong, elongate, height somewhat more than 3 to 3.50 in length, head about 3 longer than high, rostro-dorsal profile straight or somewhat concave before eye. Eye 4.50 to 6.5 in head, in old specimens situated totally in posterior half of head, its distance from hind margin of operculum twice its diameter, that from vertical trough end of snout more than twice. Eye much shorter than convex inter orbital space. Snout pointed, long, about thrice diameter of eye. Mouth small, nearly horizontal, jaws of equal length, maxilla with its posterior end rounded, much less high than diameter of eye. Operculum with a conspicuous spine. Barbels extending to angle of praeoperculum, in young not so far. Gillrakers about 17 on lower branch of first branchial arch. Scales large, weakly ctenoid, reaching to nostrils, wanting on praeorbital, sensory tubes in lateral line strongly arbores cent. First dorsal with the first spine minute, the second flexible, in very old specimens longest, when depressed reaching on second dorsal, usually sub equal to third and fourth spines, the third somewhat the longest 1.4 to 1.8 in head. Second dorsal and anal sub equal, slightly emarginate, more or less than 2.5 in head, the last ray not prolonged. Pectorals about as long as ventrals, 2.5 in head. Caudal shorter than head. Dorsal spines (total): 8 - 8, Dorsal soft rays (total): 9 - 9, Anal spines: 1, Anal soft rays: 7.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Mullus barberinus Lacepede, 1801
Upeneus barberinus Day, 1878
Mullus barberinus Lacepede, 1801
(Senior synonym)
Pseudupeneus barberinus (Lacepede, 1801)
(Senior synonym)
Upeneus barberinus Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1829
Upeneus barberinus Bleeker, 1851
Upeneus barberinus Montrouzier, 1856
Upeneus barberinus Gunther, 1859
Parupeneus barberinus Bleeker, 1863
Upeneus barberinus Kner, 1867
Mullus barberinus Playfair and Gunther, 1866
Upeneus barberinus Klunzinger, 1870
Upeneus barberinus Gunther, 1875
Parupeneus barberinus Bleeker, 1875
Upeneus barberinus Macleary, 1881
Parupeneus barberinus Klunzinger, 1884
Upeneus barberinus Nystrom, 1887
Parupeneus barberinus Pfeffer, 1893
Pseudupeneus barberinus Seale, 1906
Pseudupeneus barberinus Jordan and Seale, 1906
Parupeneus barberinus Steindachner, 1906
Pseudupeneus barberinus Jordan and Seale, 1907
Pseudupeneus barberinus Snyder, 1907
Parupeneus barberinus M. Weber, 1913
Upeneus barberinus Fowler and Bean, 1922
Parupeneus barberinus Barnard, 1927
Upeneus barberinus Herre and Montalban, 1928
Upeneus barberinus Fowler, 1928
Mullus barberinus Lacepede, 1802
Parupeneus barberinus Weber and de Beaufort, 1931
Pseudupeneus barberinus Smith, 1949
Parupenaeus barberinus (Lacepede, 1801)
(Misspelling)
Pseudopeneus barberinus (Lacepede, 1801)
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Dash Dot Goatfish (English)
• Dash and Dot Goatfish (English)
• Kaluoh (Mahl)
• Manakkam (Malayalam)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, gamefish, aquarium, Ornamental fish)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Bivalves, benthic crustaceans, polychaetes

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Atoll (Lat: 8) (Long: 71) INDIA
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 11) (Long: 72.5) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll (Lat: 10.55) (Long: 72.63) INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)
• INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Red Sea
• SRI LANKA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA (Record: 05/01/1987-06/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA (Record: 05/01/1987-06/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA (Record: 05/01/1987-06/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA (Record: 05/01/1987-06/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Tinnakara INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bangaram INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Suheli INDIA (Record: 06/03/1987-01/04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA (Record: 06/03/1987-01/04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep Islands INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kovalam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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Page last updated on:2011-12-01

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