Otolithus ruber [Status Unaccepted]   (Schneider,  1801) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Ltd.

Color: Brownish red, shot with silver and white, sometimes gold in lower third of body. First dorsal black at edge, outer margin of soft dorsal and anal dusky.

Height 3.5-4.5; head 3.4 or more than 4 in length, eye 4-6 in head, 1-1.5 in snout. Mouth oblique, a pair of large canines on either side of maxillary symphysis, inner band of villiform teeth and an outer row of teeth conically curved. A curved canine (sometimes two) in the centre of lower jaw, a few villiform teeth behind it. Opercle with two flat spines. Scales ciliate. Both dorsals deeply incised; anal originating behind middle of soft dorsal. Pectorals equal to head without snout. Sagitta: elongate, broad in the middle and tapering posteriorly, the tail of tadpole shaped impression only slightly curved. Swim bladder carrot shaped with 37 pairs of branched appendages, which are arranged in a regular pattern, no branch entering the head.

Synonym (s)
Johnius ruber Schneider, 1801
Otolithus submaculatus Blyth, 1861
Otolithus ruber Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830
Johnius ruber Bloch and Schneider. 1801
Otolithus ruber Day, 1865
Otolithus submaculatus Day, 1869
Otolithus ruber Jordan and Starks, 1917
Otolithus ruber Barnard, 1925
Otolithus ruber Fowler, 1933

Common Name (s)
• Croaker (English)
• Palli Kora (Malayalam)
• Dhoma (Marathi)
• Rosy Jew Fish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• SRI LANKA (Record: 1984)
• Persian Gulf (Record: 1984)
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Kakinada INDIA (Record: 1990-1999)
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval Coast INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Coast INDIA
• Kerala INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Day, F (1981) The fishes of Malabar 1-281 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Bal, DV and Rao, KV (1984) Marine fisheries Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited 470 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sivakami, S and Ramalingam, P (2003) The Sciaenid fishery resources off Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 45(1) 74-87 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Bapat, SV; Deshmukh, VM; Krishnamoorthi, B; Muthiah, C; Kagwade, PV; Ramamirtham, CP; Mathew, KJ; Pillai, SK and C. Mukundan (1982) Species composition, distribution and abundance of major groups/species Fishery resources of the Exclusive Economic Zone of the NorthWest coast of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Kochi 33 1-86 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/808/1/Bulletin_No_33.pdf
  • Dholakia, AD (2004) Marine resources Fisheries and aquatic resources of India Daya publishing house 271-303 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Sciaenid Fishes Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Dominant Fish Groups Occurring in Indian Coasts Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Coastal Fishery Resources in Countries Bordering Indian Ocean Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-17

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