Lethrinus xanthochilus   Klunzinger,  1870 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Trevor, M.

Size: Max length 70.0 cm FL (male/unsexed); common length 59.0 cm SL (male/unsexed)

Max. weight reported: 5,440 g

Color: Body is yellowish gray with scattered irregular dark spots, lips yellowish, the upper lip more intense, a red spot at upper base of the pectoral fin. The fins are bluish grey and mottled, the bases of the fins are lighter and the edges of the dorsal and caudal fins are reddish.

Body fairly compressed, its depth less than length of head. Interorbital area notably flat; eyes virtually in dorsal profile. Maxilla (upper jaw) extending to vertical through anterior nostril; posterior nostrils midway between hind margin of head and snout-tip in adults, but distinctly nearer snout tip in smaller specimens. Canines stout, postero-lateral teeth of jaws conical, sometimes with a large canine among them. Dorsal fin continuous, without notch, with 10 spines and 9 soft rays. Anal fin with 3 spines and 8 soft rays. Four to five rows of scales between lateral line and median dorsal spines; inner bases of pectoral fins without scales.

Synonym (s)
Lethrinus xanthochilus Klunzinger, 1870
Lethrinella xanthocheilus Silas and Toor, 1962
Lethrinella xanthochila (Klunzinger, 1870)
(Senior synonym)
Lethrinus microdon (non Valenciennes, 1830)
(Misapplied name)
Lethrinus variegatus (non Valenciennes, 1830)
(Misapplied name)
Lethrinus xanthochilus Klunzinger, 1870
(Senior synonym)
Lethrinella xanthocheilus (Klunzinger, 1870)
Lethrinus xanthocheilus Klunzinger, 1870
Lethrinus xantochilus Klunzinger, 1870

Common Name (s)
• Klunzinger's Emperor (English)
• Rythang Filolu
• Kilukkam Metti
• Yellowlip Emperor (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, gamefish)

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Crustaceans, fishes, echinoderms


• Andaman Sea INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Mahmoud, MU; Mekkawy, AAI and H. Ahemed, SA (2005) Scale characteristics of seven species of genus Lethrinus (family Lethrinidae) from the Red Sea, Egypt Egyptian Journal of Zoology 44 545-580
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Durville, P; Chabanet, P and Quod, JP (2003) Visual Census of the Reef Fishes in the Natural Reserve of the Glorieuses Islands (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean J. Mar. Sci. WIOMSA 2 95-104
  • Chabanet, P and Patrick, D (2005) Reef Fish Inventory of Juan De Novas Natural Park (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean Journal Marine Sciences 2005 WIOMSA 4 145-162
  • Torao, S (1978) A synopsis of the Sparoid fish genus Lethrinus, with the description of a new species University of Tokyo Press 25569 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Garpe, KC and Ohman, MC (2003) Coral and fish distribution patterns in Mafia Island marine park Tanzania fish habitat interactions Hydrobiologia Kluwer Academic Publishers 498 191-211 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 2 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-07-29

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