Gerres abbreviatus [Status Unaccepted]   (Bleeker,  1850) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Gerreidae

Image copyrights: ndkj

Description
Size: 23-30 cm.

Color: Silvery, greenish or bluish above, well preserved specimens showing diffuse, indistinct longitudinal darkish lines corresponding with the series of lateral scales. Dorsal with a black margin.

Oblong, anteriorly elevated, the dorsal profile ascending strongly in a nearly straight line from snout to dorsal fin, thence descending nearly straight to caudal peduncle. Height about twice to 2.2 in length, head 3.3 to 3.5, pointed, broadened and nearly flat before eye with a small median groove in the naked inter orbital space, which is slightly smaller than eye, the diameter of which goes 2.5 to 2.7 in length of head and is conspicuously longer than snout. Maxillary reaching to below pupil, mandibular profile slightly concave. Lower pharyngeal bones coossified with a double median series of large molariform teeth in pavement-like arrangement. Praeoperculum entire. No pseudobranchiae. Scales rather large, thin, with entire margin, scaly basal sheath of dorsal and anal high, including nearly totally the rays. Dorsal originates at a distance from end of snout which nearly equals height of body and is about one sixth shorter than length of spinous and soft dorsal together. Second, third and fourth dorsal spines the longest, subequal, the second twice or nearly so in height of body. Second anal spine as long as third, but much stronger, longer than postocular part of head. Pectorals much longer than head, reaching to anal, ventrals somewhat shorter than head, their axillary process moderate. Caudal peduncle high, its length equal to or not much longer than its height and about equal to half length of head. Indistinct dark stripes along scale rows above and 4-6 rows immediately below lateral line (apparent in newly preserved specimens). Second dorsal fin spine longer than the 3rd. No scales on upper preopercular flange in approximately 10 cm SL specimens; 1-5 scales (usually 2-3) in over 16 cm SL specimens. Scales between 5th dorsal fine spine base and lateral line 3.5-4.5. Supraneural bones 3. Ventral and anal fins yellow with white tips.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Gerres abbreviatus Bleeker, 1850
Gerres abbreviatus Gunther, 1862
Diapterus abbreviatus Bleeker, 1865
Gerres abbreviatus Kner, 1867
Gerres abbreviatus Day, 1870
Diapterus abbreviatus Bleeker, 1877
Gerres abbreviatus Day, 1888
Gerres abbreviatus Gunther, 1880
Gerres abbreviatus Macleay, 1881
Gerres abbreviatus Ramsay and Ogilby, 1886
Xystaema abbreviatum Jordan and Seale, 1906
Xystaema abbreviatum Jordan and Richardson, 1909
Xystaema abbreviatus Seale, 1910
Gerres abbreviatus M. Weber, 1913
Gerres abbreviatus Fowler, 1928

Common Name (s)
• Silverbiddy (English)
• Deepbody Mojarra (English)
• Paiya (Kannada)
• Pranjin (Malayalam)
• Oodan (Tamil)
• Charbat (Marathi)
• Deepbodied Mojarra (English)
• Deep-body Silverbiddy
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed fresh or frozen or made into fishballs.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Small juveniles feed on zooplankton, larger fish feed on small polychaetes, bivalves, crustaceans and fishes

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram Mangrove Forest (Lat: 11.03) (Long: 79.78) INDIA
• MYANMAR
• INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Gujarat, Medi-Sinthodi Creek (Lat: 23.45) (Long: 68.48) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-12/2000)
• Gujarat, Sangi-Kharo Creek (Lat: 23.28) (Long: 68.51) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-12/2000)
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at - http://www.itis.gov.
  • Nagabhushanam, AK and Krishnan, S (1993) Observations on the distribution of some of the marine organism inhabiting the inter-tidal zone along the western continental shelf of the Bay of Bengal, with particular reference to the Tamil Nadu coastal strip Records of the Zoological Survey of India 93(3-4) 449-490 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Kuo, RS and Shao, KT (1999) Species composition of fish in the coastal zones of the Tsengwen estuary, with descriptions of five new records from Taiwan Zoological Studies 38(4) 391-404 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kathiresan, k (2000) A review of studies on Pichavaram mangrove, southeast India Hydrobiologia Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands 430 108-205 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1931) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 6 448 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • ndkj Available at - http://www.ndkj.gov.cn/
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Nair, PVR; Luther, G and Adolph, C (1965) An ecological study of some pools near Mandapam (South India) formed as a result of the cyclone and tidal wave of 1964 Journal of the marine biological associaiton of India The marine biological association of India 7(2) 420-439 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Saravanakumar, A; Rajkumar, M; Serebiah, JS and Thivakaran, GA (2009) Fishery resources in arid zone mangroves in gulf of Kachchh, Gujarat, northwest coast of India Journal of Ocean University of China Springer 8(3) 233-240 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11802-009-0233-3

Page last updated on:2012-01-17

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