Leiognathus longispinis   (Valenciennes,  1835) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Leiognathidae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: 16.0 cm TL

Color: Body silvery, with 3 greenish yellow spots below lateral line. Pectoral axil yellow (partly covered by fin).

Body oval and compressed, its depth 1.8 to 1.9 times in standard length; dorsal profile of body more convex than its ventral profile. Mouth small, pointing slightly downwards when protracted; cleft of mouth below lower edge of eye; mandibular profile slightly concave. Teeth small, in a single row in both jaws. Dorsal fin with 8 weak spines and 16 soft rays; the second spine greatly elongated and sometimes extending to base of caudal fin. Anal fin with 3 spines and 14 soft rays, the second spine elongated and filiform. Head naked, small scales on body but no scales on breast.


Synonym (s)
Equula longispinis Valenciennes, 1835
Leiognathus smithursti (Ramsay and Ogilby) : James, 1969
Equula smithursti Ramsay & Ogilby, 1886
Leiognathus smithursti (Ramsay & Ogilby, 1886)

Common Name (s)
• Smithurst's Ponyfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries)

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Zoobenthos

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 12.53) (Long: 92.82) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Rajan, PT (2003) A field guide to marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, 234/4, AJC Bose Road, 2nd MSO Building, (13th Floor), Nizam Palace, Kolkata-700 020 260 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Roy, SD; Rajan, PT and Soundararajan, S (2006) Marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fishing Chimes 25(10) 108-110 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-30

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