Pterotolithus maculatus   (Cuvier,  1830) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Sen, S.K.

Size: Max length 45.0 cm SL (male/unsexed); common length 40.0 cm SL (male/unsexed)

Color: Body greyish above, silvery on flanks and belly, upper part of body and dorsal fin with numerous black patches.

A fairly large and slender species. Mouth large and strongly oblique, the lower jaw strongly projecting. Teeth in 2 rows in upper jaw, the inner row small, and a pair of strong canine teeth in front; in lower jaw in a single row, with a pair of strong canine teeth at its tip. Gillrakers 8 or 9 on lower arm of first arch, with 1 or 2 small knobs in front. Dorsal fin with 9 spines, followed by a notch, second part of fin with 1 spine and 30 to 34 soft rays; anal fin with 2 spines and 10 or 11 soft rays, the second spine weak. Caudal fin rhomboid. Scales cycloid. Gas-bladder carrot-shaped, with numerous arborescent appendages, non entering head.

Synonym (s)
Otolithus maculatus Fowler, 1933
Otolithus maculatus Hardenberg, 1931
Otolithus maculatus Kuhl & Van Hasselt, 1830
Otolithus submaculatus Blyth, 1861
Pterotolithus maculatus Fischer & Whitehead, 1974
Otolithoides maculatus (Cuvier, 1830-32)
(Senior synonym)
Otolithus bispinosus Cuvier, 1830
(Junior synonym)
Otolithus maculatus Cuvier, 1830
(Senior synonym)
Otolithus submaculatus Blyth, 1860
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Blotched Tigertoothed Croaker (English)
• Spotted Croaker (English)
• Burralli (Oriya)
• Gorasalu (Telugu)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Bentho Pelagic, Estuarine, Muddy
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Benthic invertebrates and small demersal fishes, some are mid water feeders


• North Andaman Sea INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Orissa, Dhamra Estuary INDIA
• North East Coast INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Talwar, PK (1995) Fauna of India and adjacent countries: Pisces: Perciformes, Scienidae ZSI 144 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Chatterjee, TK; Talukdar, RS and Mukherjee, AK (2000) Fish and fisheries of Digha coast of West Bengal Occasional paper no 188 Records of the Zoological Survey of India 31778 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • (1982) A colour guide to the fishes of the south China sea and the Andaman sea Seafood Industries Association, Singapore Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 3 Available at -
  • Dutta, SK (2007) Biodiversity assessment of Dhamra port site and surrounding areas, Orissa Greenpeace India 4-38 Available at -
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Sciaenid Fishes Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-18

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