Alepes para   (Cuvier)  1838 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Carangidae

Description
Color: Body greenish silvery with yellow reflections; a conspicuous black spot on operculum. Anterior dorsal fin spines blackish; caudal fin yellow. Traces of cross bars on body about lateral line which are conspicuous in juveniles.

Body oblong and moderately compressed. Ventral profile much more convex than dorsal profile. Eye diameter 3.0 to 4.0 times in head length. Upper jaw (maxilla) extending to below anterior third of eye. Teeth villiform, in a single series in both jaws. Gillrakers 28 to 30 on lower arm of first arch. Two dorsal fins; first dorsal with a procumbent (forward pointing) spine (embedded in skin) and 8 normal spines; second dorsal fin with 1 spine and 23-24 soft rays. Anal fin with 2 detached spines, followed by 1 spine and 18 to 20 sift rays. Pectoral fins falcate, much longer than head. Caudal fin deeply forked. Scales on body conspicuous. Lateral line moderately arched anteriorly to below 4th to 6th soft dorsal ray with 40-46 scutes.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Caranx kalla Day 1876
Caranx para Cuvier 1838
Caranx para Day 1876
Caranx para Cuvier 1833

Common Name (s)
• Goggle Eye Scad (English)
• Kala Bangada (Marathi)
• Kalla Parah (Tamil)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries)

Ecology
Habitat:  Coastal

Biogeography


• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Goa, Aguada Bay INDIA
• Maharashtra, Vengurla INDIA (Record: 1993)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA (Record: 2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 2003)
• Goa INDIA (Record: 2003)
• Kerala INDIA (Record: 1984)
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai INDIA (Record: 1984)
• West Coast, Malabar INDIA (Record: 1984)

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Singh, DF and Yazdani, GM (1993) Ichthyofauna of Konkan region of Maharashtra (India) Records of the Zoological Survey of India. Occasional paper no 145 ZSI, Calcutta 46 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Ansari, ZA; Chatterji, A; Ingole, BS; Sreepada, RA; Rivonkar, CU and Parulekar, AH (1995) Community structure and seasonal variation of an inshore demersal fish community at Goa, west coast of India Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 41 593-610 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Ansari, ZA; Sreepada, RA; Dalal, SG; Ingole, BS and Chatterji, A (2003) Environmental influences on the trawl catches in a bay-estuarine system of Goa, west coast of India Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science Elsevier 56(3-4) 503-515 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0272-7714(02)00201-9
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2010-03-02

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