Apogon quadrifasciatus   Cuvier,  1828 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: K. Uchino

Size: 11-13 cm.

Color: In preserved specimens yellowish brown, lighter and often somewhat silvery below. Two dark longitudinal bands, one running from snout through eye to end of middle caudal rays, the other from tip of snout, above eye, along upper part of back to upper caudal rays, often indistinct in its posterior part. Both bands bordered by a silvery stripe above and below, especially in small specimens and often only partially developed or indistinct. Anus generally in a black spot. Anterior part of first dorsal, posterior part of second dorsal and anal and tip of ventrals dusky. Pectorals and caudal excepting the median dark band, hyaline.

Upper profile somewhat arched. Height 2.5-2.9, 3.1-3.6 in length with caudal. Head 2.4-2.9, 3.1-3.5 in length with caudal. Eye 2.8-3.5, about three quarters of eyediameter apart and shorter than snout. Mouth oblique, reaching to below posterior half of eye. Two rows of scales on praeoperculum, which is serrated along its hind and lower border. Praeopercular ridge and praeorbital smooth. Orbital rim very rough and provided inferiorly with more or less distinct serrations. Conical teeth in bands of about 4 rows in jaws, in an indistinct double row on vomer and in a single row on palatines. First dorsal minute, in small specimens scarcely projecting beyond the skin, but always visible, second one a little less than half of third one, which is scarcely longer than fourth, somewhat stronger than the others and equal to postorbital part of head. Spine of second dorsal equal to fifth spine of first dorsal and somewhat more than eye. Second anal spine equal to eye. Longest soft rays of dorsal somewhat more than postorbital part of head and shorter than longest soft anal rays, which are about equal to snout and eye. Pectorals somewhat longer than ventrals and slightly less than head without snout. Caudal feebly incised, the lobes rounded. Least height of caudal peduncle about 1.7 in its length, about equal to postorbital part of head. Dorsal spines (total): 8-8, Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-9, Anal spines: 2, Anal soft rays: 8. Recognized by the distinctive white leading edge on ventral fins.

Dioecious, external fertilization, bearers, external brooders, mouthbrooders, the males incubate the eggs, distinct pairing during courtship and spawning. It has been reared in captivity.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Amia quadrifasciata (Cuvier, 1828)
Ostorhynchus quadrifasciatus Cuvier, 1828
Mullus fasciatus Shaw, 1790
Apogon quadrifasciatus Bleeker, 1849
Apogon quadrifasciatus Cantor, 1850
Apogon quadrifasciatus Gunther, 1859
Apogon quadrifasciatus Kner, 1867
Apogon quadrifasciatus Steindachner, 1870
Amia quadrifasciata Bleeker, 1876
Apogon quadrifasciatus Day, 1878
Apogon monogramma Gunther, 1880
Apogon quadrifasciatus Macleay, 1881
Apogon evanidus Fowler, 1904
Apogon quadrifasciatus Tate Regan, 1905
Amia quadrifasciata Jordan and Seale, 1907
Amia quadrifasciata Jordan and Richardson, 1909
Amia quadrifasciata Seale, 1910
Amia quaarifasciata Bean and Weed, 1912
Apogon quadrifasciatus M. Weber, 1913
Amia quadrifasciata McCulloch, 1915
Apogon quadrifasciatus McCulloch, 1919
Amia quadrifasciata (Cuvier, 1828)
Apogonichthyes quadrifasciatus (Cuvier, 1828)
Apogonicthyes quadrifasciatus (Cuvier, 1828)
Ostorhinchus quadrifasciatus (Cuvier, 1828)

Common Name (s)
• Twostripe Cardinal (English)
• Fourlined Cardinalfish (English)
• Cardinal Fish (English)
• Four Banded Cardinal Fish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Bait fish)
Cultured:  No

Habitat:  Demersal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Shrimps/prawns (Lucifer sp.), bony fish, mysids
Predator:  Fishes belonging to the family Platycephalidae(Platycephalus indicus)


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kovalam INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Nagabhushanam, AK and Krishnan, S (1993) Observations on the distribution of some of the marine organism inhabiting the inter-tidal zone along the western continental shelf of the Bay of Bengal, with particular reference to the Tamil Nadu coastal strip Records of the Zoological Survey of India 93(3-4) 449-490 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Ocean Biogeographic Information System Available at - http://www.iobis.org/
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Fourmanoir, P (1984) Fish collected during the Corindon II and IV Expeditions Marine Research in Indonesia National Institute of Oceanology, Indonesian Institute of Science, Jakarta, Indonesia 24 89-103 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Suppa, M; Suebsin, S; Suri, V and Songsirikul, T (1997) Checklist of fishes in Thailand Office of Environmental Policy and Planning 1-353 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1929) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago E. J. Brill Ltd. 5 458 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Radhakrisnan, EV; Kathirvel, M; Devarajan, K; Vijayakumaran, M; Poovannan, P; Thangavelu, R; Hameed, KS; Sankaralingam, S; Ramakrishnan, A and Thangar, VS (1989) An unusual congregation of organisms in the catches off Kovalam, Madras Marine fisheries information service ICAR 99 16-18 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Bapat, SV; Deshmukh, VM; Krishnamoorthi, B; Muthiah, C; Kagwade, PV; Ramamirtham, CP; Mathew, KJ; Pillai, SK and C. Mukundan (1982) Species composition, distribution and abundance of major groups/species Fishery resources of the Exclusive Economic Zone of the NorthWest coast of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Kochi 33 1-86 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/808/1/Bulletin_No_33.pdf
  • Silas, EG and Pillai, PP (1982) Bait fishes Resources of tunas and related species and their fisheries in the Indian Ocean, CMFRI Bulletin, 32 CMFRI 32 136-140 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/806/1/Bulletin_No_32.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Sujatha, K (1995) Finfish constituents of trawl by-catch off Visakhapatnam Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 32(1) 56-60 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-30

Back to Search