Apogon aureus   (Lacepede,  1802) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Sultanate of Oman

Size: 12-14.5 cm.

Color: Yellow or golden with two blue stripes running through the eye and one through the maxilla. A wide dark band encircles the caudal peduncle. A dark spot occurs on the operculum

This small and robust fish has a typical cardinalfish shape. Eyes are large. The large, oblique mouth bears villiform teeth in both jaws. A patch of slightly larger teeth occur on the symphysis of the lower jaw. The fins include 2 separate dorsal fins, the first dorsal fin with 7 spines and the second with 1 spine and 9 soft rays, an anal fin of 2 spines and 8 soft rays, and a slightly forked caudal fin. The scales along the lateral line are arranged in 27 to 28 series.
Dorsal and ventral profile arched. Height 2.1-2.3, 2.6-2.8 in length with caudal. Head 2.5-2.7, 3.1-3.4 in length with caudal. Eye 2.7-3. Snout equal to interorbital space and three quarters of eye. Mouth oblique, lower jaw somewhat prominent. Maxillary reaching to below hindborder of pupil. Height of maxillary posteriorly 2-2.5 in eye. Praeoperculum finely serrated along its hind and lower border. Praeopercular ridge and praeorbital smooth, orbital rim somewhat rough, but without serrations. First dorsal spine minute second one less than half third spine, which is equal to fourth and to eye and snout. Length of spine of second dorsal between that of fifth and sixth spine of first dorsal, as long as second anal spine and equal to eye or a little longer. Longest soft rays of dorsal shorter than those of anal and about equal to distance between hindborder of operculum and frontborder of pupil. Pectorals equal to head without snout, subequal to or longer than ventrals. Caudal feebly incised, the lobes rounded. Teeth in the jaws in narrow bands of two to three rows, in an indistinct double row on vomer and on palatines. Least height of caudal peduncle 1.1 in its length, scarcely longer than postorbital part of head.

Oviparous, male exhibits parental care by brooding the eggs in its mouth until they are hatched.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Amia aurea Bleeker, 1874
Amia fleurieu (non Lacepede, 1802)
Apogon fleurieu (non Lacepede, 1802)
Apogon roseipinnis Cuvier, 1829
Centropomus aureus Lacepede, 1802
Gronovichthys aureus (Lacepede, 1802)
Ostorhynchus fleurieu (non Lacepede, 1802)
Amia aurea Bleeker, 1874
(Junior synonym)
Apogon annularis (non Ruppell, 1829)
(Misapplied name)
Apogon aureus (Lacepede, 1802)
(Senior synonym)
Apogon roseipinnis Cuvier, 1829
(Junior synonym)
Centropomus aureus Lacepede, 1802
(Senior synonym)
Gronovichthys aureus (Lacepede, 1802)
(Senior synonym)
Dipterodon hexacanthus Lacepede, 1802
Apogon roseipinnis Bleeker, 1852
Apogon roseipinnis Peters, 1855
Apogon annularis Gunther, 1859
Apogon annularis Klunzinger, 1870
Amia annularis Bleeker, 1873
Apogon aureus Day, 1878
Apogon aureus Klunzinger, 1884
Apogon aureus Sauvage, 1891
Amia fleurieu Jordan and Seale, 1906
Apogon aureus M. Weber, 1913
Amia fleurieu Ogilby, 1916

Common Name (s)
• Ring Tailed Cardinalfish (English)
• Golden Cardinalfish (English)
• Golden Cardinal (English)
• Golden Cardinal Fish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Rocky
Prey:  Small fishes, cephalopods


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Gulf of Oman
• Karnataka, Netrani Island (Lat: 14.03) (Long: 74.55) INDIA (Record: 05/2006) (Depth: -(10-15) mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Pondicherry, Karaikal (Lat: 10.26) (Long: 79.85) INDIA (Record: 01/2003-12/2003)
• Kerala INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• Karnataka, Netrani Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cuddalore Coast INDIA (Record: 07/2008, 09/2008-10/2008, 12/2008)
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)

Literature Source(s)
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  • Zacharia, PU; Krishnakumar, PK; Dineshbabu, AP; Vijayakumaran, K; Rohit, P; Thomas, S; Sasikumar, G; Kaladharan, P; Durgekar, RN and Mohamed, KS (2008) Species assemblage in the coral reef ecosystem of Netrani Island off Karnataka along the southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 50(1) 87-97 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1929) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago E. J. Brill Ltd. 5 458 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Rajasegar, M and Sendhilkumar, R (2009) Finfish Resources of Karaikal,South East Coast of India World Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences IDOSI Publications 1 (4) 330-332 Available at - http://www.idosi.org/wjfms/wjfms1%284%2909/13.pdf
  • Bijukumar, A and Deepthi, GR (2009) Mean trophic index of fish fauna associated with trawl bycatch of Kerala, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 51(2) 145 - 154 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, GC; Rao, DV and Devi, K (1994) A faunal exploration of the North Reef Island sanctuary, North Andaman Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 10(1&2) 68-81 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Thomas, S; Sreeram, MP; Kakati, VS; Manisseri, MK and George, RM (2011) Coral fish diversity in Netrani waters off Murudeshwar Karnataka, south India Indian journal of fisheries CMFRI 58(1) 45-51 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8473/1/IJF_Sujitha_45-51.pdf
  • Varghese, M; Manisseri, MK; Ramamurthy, N; Geetha, PM; Thomas, VJ and Gandhi, A (2011) Coral reef fishes of Gulf of Mannar, S.E of India Fishing Chimes CMFRI 31(1) 38-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Lakshmi, A and Sundaramanickam, A (2011) Biodiversity of reef ichthyofauna in Cuddalore coast, southeast coast of India International Journal of Environmental Sciences Integrated Publishing Association 1(7) 1616-1621 Available at - ipublishing.co.in/jesvol1no12010/EIJES2108.pdf
  • Bapat, SV; Deshmukh, VM; Krishnamoorthi, B; Muthiah, C; Kagwade, PV; Ramamirtham, CP; Mathew, KJ; Pillai, SK and C. Mukundan (1982) Species composition, distribution and abundance of major groups/species Fishery resources of the Exclusive Economic Zone of the NorthWest coast of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Kochi 33 1-86 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/808/1/Bulletin_No_33.pdf
  • Sujatha, K (1995) Finfish constituents of trawl by-catch off Visakhapatnam Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 32(1) 56-60 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-30

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