Panna microdon   (Bleeker,  1849) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Sciaenidae

Image copyrights: Rahman, A.K.A.

Description
Size: Maximum 30 cm; common to 20 cm

Color: Brown, becoming lighter on flanks and belly. Fins yellowish, dorsal and anal fins with darker margin.

A slender species, DOB only 19-26 %, snout pointed, mouth large, teeth differentiated into large and small in both jaws, 1 or 2 canines at the tip of upper jaw, no canines in the lower jaw. HL 27-31 %, eyes small, ED 11-19 %, gill rakers in the lower limb of Ist gill arch 11 of which 2 or 3 are stumpy. IInd AFS weak 4-7 %. Sagitta: narrow, elongated, head of tadpole shaped impression oblong, tail is broad, bent with a deep groove. Swim bladder carrot shaped with a pair of anterior tubule one on either side, which bifurcates into a branched anterior appendage, and an unbranched posterior one, which lies parallel with the body till the posterior end.
One or two spines on supraorbital ridge of frontal in juveniles (up to 50 mm SL), transition from cycloid to ctenoid scales initiated at around 30 mm SL. All body scales, except on throat, ctenoid over 60 mm SL. Scales are absent on soft parts of dorsal and anal fins. Lateral line scales are covered with small, subsidiary scales, cephalic portion of swimbladder appendage terminating on caudal foramen of cranium. Dorsal spines (total): 10-11, Dorsal soft rays (total): 33-36, Anal spines: 2, Anal soft rays: 6-7, Vertebrae: 11-25.

Remarks: Measurements on Head Length (HL), Depth of body (DOB) and length of IInd Anal fin spine (II AFS.) were converted as % of Standard Length (SL). Eye Diameter (ED) is presented as percentage of HL.


Synonym (s)
Otolithoides microdon Fowler, 1933
Panna microdon Mohan, 1969
Sciaena microdon Gunther, 1860
Sciaenoides microdon Day, 1876
Collichthys microdon (Bleeker, 1849)
(Senior synonym)
Otolithoides microdon (Bleeker, 1849)
(Senior synonym)
Otolithus microdon Bleeker, 1849
(Senior synonym)
Sciaenoides microdon (Bleeker, 1849)
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Panna Croaker (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh or frozen, dried and salted, dried swim bladder)

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Benthic invertebrates and small demersal fishes, some are mid water feeders

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Kiagoria INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Kakinada INDIA (Record: 1990-1999)
• Orissa INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.81) INDIA (Record: 12/2005-11/2006) (Depth: 12-30 mts)
• West Bengal, Digha Ghole (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• Orissa, Dhamra Estuary INDIA
• INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Talwar, PK (1995) Fauna of India and adjacent countries: Pisces: Perciformes, Scienidae ZSI 144 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Khan, RA (2003) Fish faunal resources of Sunderban estuarine system with special reference to the biology of some commercially important species Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 1-149 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Chatterjee, TK; Talukdar, RS and Mukherjee, AK (2000) Fish and fisheries of Digha coast of West Bengal Occasional paper no 188 Records of the Zoological Survey of India 31778 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Mishra, SS; Pradhan, P; Kar, S and Chakraborty, SK (2003) Records of the Zoological Survey of India: Ichthyofaunal diversity of Midnapore, Bankura and Hooghly districts, south west Bengal ZSI, Kolkata 65 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Goswami, BCB (1992) Marine fauna of Digha coast of West Bengal, India Journal of Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 34 115-137 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sivakami, S and Ramalingam, P (2003) The Sciaenid fishery resources off Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 45(1) 74-87 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 3 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/e9163e/e9163e00.htm
  • Veerappan, N; Anbalagan, T and Balasubramanian, T (2009) Survey on sound producing marine fishes and Ichthyoplankters of Parangipettai coastal waters, southeast coast of India American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Science International Digital Organization for Scientific Information 6(1) 35-40 Available at - http://www.idosi.org/aejaes/jaes6(1)/6.pdf
  • Manna, B and Goswami, BCB (1985) A check-list of marine and estuarine fishes of Digha, West Bengal, India Mahasagar- Bulletin of the National Institute of Oceanography NIO, Goa 18(4) 489-499 Available at - http://nicmas.nio.org/Mahasagar/Mahasagar_V-18/Mahasagar_18%284%29_489.pdf
  • Dutta, SK (2007) Biodiversity assessment of Dhamra port site and surrounding areas, Orissa Greenpeace India 4-38 Available at - http://www.greenpeace.org/raw/content/india/press/reports/greenpeace-biodiversity.pdf
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Sciaenid Fishes Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Sujatha, K (1995) Finfish constituents of trawl by-catch off Visakhapatnam Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 32(1) 56-60 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-18

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