Caracanthus unipinna   (Gray)  1831 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 46 mm.

Color: In preserved specimen light brownish grey, the area between dorsal and lateral line a shade darker.

Height 1.5-1.8, 1.9-2.2 in length with caudal. Head 2.6-2.9, 3.3-3.8 in length with caudal. Eye 3.7-4. Snout four fifths of eye or equal to eye in small specimens. Interorbital space very convex, three fifths or one half of eye. Posterior nostrils in the line connecting front borders of eye, anterior nostrils closely before them, both with a short tube. Mouth oblique, maxillary reaching to below middle of eye or not quite so far. Preorbital with a short, anterior, and inner spine, directed forward, and a much longer posterior and outer spine directed sidewards. Hind border of preopercle with 6-7 knob like spines. Interopercle with a single spine. Opercle with two knob like spines, close to each other. Origin of dorsal slightly before gill openning. Third and fourth spine longest, about equal to eye, last spine about one half of the longest spines. First dorsal ray about as long as longest spines. Anal spines very short, hidden amongst the papillae of the skin. Soft anal less than soft dorsal. Pectorals half of snout shorter than head. Caudal rounded.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Micropus unipinna Gray 1831
Amphiprionichthys apistus Bleeker 1855
Centropus staurophorus Kner 1860
Micropus unipinna Gunther 1860
Amphiprionichthys apistus Kner 1868
Amphiprionichthys zeylonicus Day 1875
Micropus unipinna Gunther 1875
Caracanthus apistus Bleeker 1876
Trachycephalus bankiensis De Vis 1883
Micropus unipinna Alcock 1896
Micropus unipinna Steindachner 1901
Amphiprionichthys unipinna Jordan and Seale 1906
Micropus apistus M. Weber 1913
Caracanthus unipinna Fowler 1928
Caracanthus apistus Giltay 1933
Caracanthus zeylonicus J. L. B. Smith 1950
Caracanthus unipinna Herre 1952
Caracanthus unipinna Harry 1953
Caracanthus unipinnus Randall 1955

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA (Record: 1962)

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds) (1991) Animal resources of India (Protozoa to Mammalia) ZSI 1-694 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF and Briggs, JC (1962) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Pataudi House, Daryaganj, New Delhi 11 481 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2010-03-11

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