Choeroichthys sculptus   (Gunther,  1870) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Syngnathiformes
Family:Syngnathidae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: 60 cm.

Color: Variable, uniform dark brown with a whitish posterior edge on caudal, or with paired light spots dorsally and laterally, or light gray with large round dark spots on the rings of trunk and tail as also on opercle and lower surface of snout.

Shields corrugated, their edges granulated or finely serrated. Superior and inferior lateral intermedial shields of trunk and lateral and inferior intermedial shields of tail with a longitudinal keel, giving the impreession that laterally each ring on the trunk is provided with 5 and on the tail with 3 edges. Operculum with an oblique median raised keel from which radiate ventrally numerous prominent ridges and a few dorsally. Snout slightly turned upwards, equal to or somewhat longer than postorbital part of head, its keel and those on the head prominent but smooth. Tail, without caudal, shorter than trunk. Head more than 5 to 6 times in total length.

Dioecious, fertilization in brood pouch or similar structure. Bearers, external brooders. Ovoviviparous. The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail. Males may be brooding at 4.6 cm SL.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Doryrhamphus macgregori Jordan and Richardson, 1908
Doryichthys sculptus Boulenger, 1897
Doryichthys sculptus Gunther, 1870
Microphis sculptus Jordan and Seale, 1906
Microphis ocellatus Snyder, 1909
Doryichthys sculptus Gunther, 1910
Microphis ocellatus Snyder, 1912
Choeroichthys sculptus Duncker, 1915
Choeroichthys sculptus (Gunther, 1870)
(Senior synonym)
Doryichthys sculptus Gunther, 1870
(Senior synonym)
Doryrhamphus macgregori Jordan & Richardson, 1908
(Junior synonym)
Microphis ocellatus (Snyder, 1909)
(Ambiguous synonym)
Choeroichthys sculptus Weber and de Beaufort, 1922

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1916) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A.J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 3 455 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf
  • Kumaran, M; Murty, VS and Lalmohan, RS (1989) Resources of ornamental fishes Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 46-64 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-07-19

Back to Search