Phoenicopterus roseus   Pallas  (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

Voice: Call- A loud goose-like honk, a constant babbling uttered while feeding in company.

A long-legged, long-necked rosy white stork-like bird, with a heavy pink bill turned down at an angle ('broken') from about half its length. Sexes alike. In flight the long outstretched legs and neck, and the black-bordered brilliant scarlet wings are diagnostic. Parties, or flocks, at shallow jheels, tidal mudflats, etc.

Habits: Affects jheels, lagoons, salt pans, estuaries, etc. Feeds in shallow water with the slender neck bent down between the legs and head completely submerged. The curious bill is inverted so that the ridge of the culmen scrapes the ground. The upper mandible thus forms a hollow scoop into which the churned up liquid bottom mud is collected and strained by means of the lamellae and the fleshy tongue, sifting the minute food particles. Flocks fly in V-formation, in diagonal wavy ribbons, or in single file.

Nesting: Season- in the Great Rann of Kutch depending upon the requisite shallowness of water on the nesting ground, September/October, February to April. Nest- a truncated conical mound of hard sun-baked mud 6 to 12 inches in height with a slight pan-like depression at top. Built in hundreds close to one another in a compact, expansive'city'. Eggs- 1 or 2, white with a faint bluish tinge.

Synonym (s)
Phoenicopterus roseus Pallas 1811

Common Name (s)
• Flamingo (English)
• Hunj (Gujarati)
• Balo (Gujarati)
• Rajhans (Hindi)
• Boghans (Hindi)
• Rohit (Marathi)
• Hanj (Hindi)
• Charaj baggo (Hindi)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Crustaceans, worms, insect larvae, seeds of marsh plants and organic ooze.
IUCN Status:  Least Concern


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA (Record: 2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 2003)

Literature Source(s)
  • Mahabal, A and Lamba, BS (1987) On the birds of Poona and vicinity Occasional paper no 94 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-115 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Mukherjee, AK (1995) Birds of arid and semi-arid tracts Occasional paper no 142 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-303 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Kumar, A (2002) Avifauna of Kumbhalgarh wildlife sanctuary in the Aravalli hills of Rajasthan Zoos' Print Journal 17(4) 764-768 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at -
  • Ali, S (1977) The book of Indian birds Bombay Natural History Society 175 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Abbaasi, SA (1997) Wetlands of India-Ecology and Threats Discovery Publishing House,New Delhi II 1-182 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -

Page last updated on:2009-09-09

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