Samaris cristatus   Gray,  1831 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

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Size: 15-22 cm.

Color: Body on ocular side brownish with darker spots and blotches, a series of blotches along dorsal and ventral body margins. Elongated anterior dorsal-fin rays white, remainder of dorsal fin, anal fin, and caudal fin brown, pectoral fin dark. Blind side of body whitish.

Rather elongate, upper profile of head much elevated, with a more or less distinct notch before eyes. Height 2.2-2.9, 2.8-3.5 in length with caudal. Head 4.4-4.7, 5.6-6.8 (in specimen with prolonged caudal) in length with caudal. Eyes subequal, 3.1-3.7, situated above each other or the upper one slightly in advance of the lower one, separated by a keeled ridge. Snout equal to 5/7 of eye. Mouth small, very oblique, lower jaw slightly prominent. Maxillary 2.5-2.8 in head. Several rows of minute pointed teeth in the jaws, none on the palate. The first 11-14 rays of the dorsal are filamentous, with a stiff base, and as long as the trunk. The first one originates before the upper eye, but the dorsal is continued in front of it as a fold of the skin, running on the blind side across the head to the chin. Dorsal ending at some distance from caudal. Origin of anal one eye-diameter behind origin of pectoral, ending below end of dorsal. Right pectoral one eye-diameter longer than head, left pectoral wanting. Right ventral much longer than and somewhat in advance of left one, longer than pectoral. The rays of the right ventral are produced and spatulate at the end. Caudal obtusely pointed. Linea lateralis straight. Scales ctenoid on both sides, but the fine denticules soon wear off at the blind side, where the scales appear Therefore as cycloid, although generally some ctenoid scales can be detected. About 10 minute gillrakers on lower branch of first arch.
First 12-15 (rarely 10-11) dorsal- fin rays greatly elongated. Pectoral fin on blind side absent or rudimentary. Pelvic fin on eyed side elongated. Caudal fin with 16 unbranched rays and rounded margin. Dorsal spines (total): 0 - 0, Dorsal soft rays (total): 73-78, Anal spines: 0, Anal soft rays: 49-60.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Samaris cristatus Gray, 1831
Samaris cristatus Gunther, 1862
Samaris cristatus Alcock, 1889
Arnoglossus cacatuae Ogilby, 1910
Samaris cacatuae (Ogilby, 1910)
Samaris cristata Gray, 1831
Samaris delagoensis von Bonde, 1925
Samaris ornatus von Bonde, 1922
Samariscus cristatus (Gray, 1831)
Somaris cristatus Gray, 1831

Common Name (s)
• Greys Crested Flounder (English)
• Cockatoo Righteye Flounder (English)
• Gray's Crusted Flounder
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Demersal, Sandy
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Zoobenthos, benthic animals


• Bay of Bengal INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA
• Andaman Sea INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Biju Kumar, A and Bruce, NL (1997) Elthusa samariscii (Shiino,1951) (Isopoda, Cymothoidae) parasitizing Samaris cristatus Gray,1831 off the Kerala coast, India Crustaceana 70 780-787 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Norman, JR (1928) The flatfishes (Heterosomata) of India, with a list of the specimens in the Indian Museum. Part 1 Records of the Indian Museum ZSI 29 7 Available at - Pune University, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Harris, SA; Cyrus, DP and Forbes, AT (1995) The larval fish assemblage at the mouth of the Kosi estuary, Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa South African Journal of Marine Science 16 351-364 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1929) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago E. J. Brill Ltd. 5 458 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Bijukumar, A (1996) Nematode parasites associated with the flatfishes (order: pleuronectiformes) of the Kerala coast Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 38(1&2) 34-39 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Available at -
  • Bijukumar, A and Deepthi, GR (2009) Mean trophic index of fish fauna associated with trawl bycatch of Kerala, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 51(2) 145 - 154 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kuthalingam, MDK; Rajagopalan, MS; Sreenivasan, PV; Lazarus, S and Livingston, P (1973) On some interesting fishes from the southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 15 (2) 877-881 Available at -
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Sujatha, K (1995) Finfish constituents of trawl by-catch off Visakhapatnam Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 32(1) 56-60 Available at - NIO, Goa

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