Engyprosopon grandisquama   (Temminck & Schlegel,  1846) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: CSIRO

Size: Max length 15.0 cm TL (male/unsexed); common length 10.0 cm TL (male/unsexed)

Color: A pair of jet-black blotches on caudal fin placed between 3rd and 4th rays counted from above and below respectively. In male, body on blind side stained with dark-gray.

Mouth small. Maxilla reaching to anterior half of the eye; 3.2 in head. Teeth on both jaws. Both eyes on left side, 4.3 in head. Intrerorbital space concave, scaly; 1.5 in eye. Dorsal beginning on snout, none of the rays elongated; the last rays very small. Left ventral longer than right one. Caudal rounded. Scales ctenoid on eyed side, cycloid on blind side. Body deep, its depth more than 1/2 of SL. Pectoral fin short, equal to or less than head length.

Synonym (s)
Arnoglossus spilurus Johnstone, 1904
Platophrys poecilurus Bleeker, 1866
Rhomboidichthys poecilurus Regan, 1905
Rhomboidichthys spilurus Gunther, 1880
Rhomboidichthys spiniceps Macleay, 1882
Rhomboidichthys valderostratus Jenkins, 1910
Rhombus grandisquama Schlegel, 1846
Rhombus poecilurus Bleeker, 1852
Scaeops grandisquama Jordan and Starks, 1906
Scaeops poecilurus Regan, 1908
Arnoglossus grandisquama (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
Arnoglossus poecilurus (Bleeker, 1852)
Arnoglossus spilurus (Gunther, 1880)
Bothus poecilurus (Bleeker, 1852)
Engyprosopon grandisquamis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
Engyprosopon spiniceps (Macleay, 1881)
Engyroprosopon grandisquamis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
Platophrys grandisquama (Temminck & Schlegel, 1946)
Platophrys poecilurus (Bleeker, 1852)
Platophrys spiniceps (Macleay, 1881)
Pseudorhombus poecilurus (Bleeker, 1852)
Rhomboidichthys grandisquama (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
Rhomboidichthys poecilurus (Bleeker, 1852)
Rhomboidichthys spilurus Gunther, 1880
Rhomboidichthys spiniceps Macleay, 1881
Rhombus grandisquama Temminck & Schlegel, 1846
Rhombus poecilurus Bleeker, 1852
Scaeops grandisquama (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
Scaeops orbicularis Jordan & Seale, 1907
Scaeops poecilura (Bleeker, 1852)
Scaeops poecilurus (Bleeker, 1852)
Scaeops spilura (Gunther, 1880)

Common Name (s)
• Largescale Flounder (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed fresh and sometimes dried.)

Habitat:  Demersal, Sandy, Muddy
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Feeds on crustaceans, polychaetes, and other benthic animals.


• Kerala, Trivandrum INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Hut Bay INDIA (Record: 25/10/1991)

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Norman, JR (1928) The flatfishes (Heterosomata) of India, with a list of the specimens in the Indian Museum. Part 1 Records of the Indian Museum ZSI 29 7 Available at - Pune University, Pune
  • Harris, SA; Cyrus, DP and Forbes, AT (1995) The larval fish assemblage at the mouth of the Kosi estuary, Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa South African Journal of Marine Science 16 351-364 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Kurian, CV (1953) A preliminary survey of the bottom fauna and bottom deposits of the Travancore coast within the 15-fathom line Proceedings of the National Institute of Sciences of India 19 746–775 Available at - http://www.new.dli.ernet.in/rawdataupload/upload/insa/INSA_1/20005b8b_747.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Bijukumar, A and Deepthi, GR (2009) Mean trophic index of fish fauna associated with trawl bycatch of Kerala, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 51(2) 145 - 154 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Krishnan, S and Mishra, SS (1992) New records of fishes from Andaman Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman science association, Port Blair 8(1) 82-84 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-05-03

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